Exploring the Life and Works of Edgar Rice Burroughs

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ERB Summary Project


Carson Napier

Edgar Rice Burroughs (The Editor)











Deacon Edmund Rice

Cole Codoveg














Loto-El-Ho-Ganja Kum O Raj (Betty Callwell)


Kantum Ambat





Ero Shan












Lanikai, Oahu


Venus (Amtor)











Sadbury, Massachusetts




New York













jong, king


vol, currency



Museum of Natural History



yorkokor (colonel)

vookor (lieutenant)

lokokor (admiral)

lantar (land ship)

Krogan (title)

klookor (lieutenant)

rokor (sub-lieutenant)

Athgan 975

gantor (vehicle)


Cloud People


Summarized by
the Members of ERBList

Fredrik Ekman, Project Editor
David Bruce Bozarth, Managing Editor


Burroughs had strong beliefs, many of which translated quite well as the driving characteristics of his larger-than-life heroes. His long held belief in military strength and gentleman honor rings large in the Barsoom series with this refrain also found in the Tarzan and Pellucidar stories. Yet, it is the incomplete Poloda series (Beyond the Farthest Star) and Escape on Venus which indicates the author had a reality check, one that was firmly addressed in Tarzan and "the Foreign Legion" as written in 1944.

The world was on the verge of global war when the Venus series began. Certain European heads of state become extraordinary villans who are more than mere footnotes in history. Their rise to power began in the early 1930s. At the same time military technology, especially aviation, was advancing in terrific leaps. Burroughs, a long time presenter of honorable soldiers and mercenaries with a heart had a real change of heart during the writing of Carson of Venus.

First published as four interconnected shorts (Fantasic Adventures--"Slaves of the Fishmen," "Goddess of Fire," "The Living Dead," and "War on Venus," 1941-1942), the first book edition appeared in 1946 by ERB, INC.

David Bruce Bozarth

Foreword (Fredrik Ekman)

Written in the third person, the foreword summarizes the events in the previous books of the series: Carson Napier, telepathically relaying all that passed to Edgar Rice Burroughs on Lanikai, Oahu. Carson tried to go to Mars but forgot the moon's gravitational force and ended up on Venus (called Amtor by its inhabitants). He became guest-prisoner of king Mintep in the tree city Kooaad, he fell in love with princess Duare, although she spurned his love. They had many adventures in the cities Kapdor, Kormor and Havatoo, where Carson built the first airplane on Amtor. They helped overthrow the tyrant Mephis of Korva, and finally Carson had to rescue Duare from her own father who had condemned her to death for loving a mere mortal. They then flew away toward safety. The foreword is signed "The Editor".

Chapter 1 (Fredrik Ekman)

Complaining about the bad Amtorian maps, Carson explains the geography of the region. Carson and Duare are flying west from the island Vepaja toward Anlap and the country Korva. The antarctic region Karbol (Cold Country) is believed by the Amtorians to be the edge of the flat world. The historical scientist Klufar is mentioned. Duare is sad because she had to leave her own people, but also glad now that she and Carson can be together. Carson brings her up-to-date on the events that transpired after she left Korva. Mephis is dead and Taman is jong. Carson has been adopted by Taman and made a prince for rescuing the princess Nna. The couple discover that the sun has almost penetrated the double cloud layer of Venus and head north to avoid a possible disaster.

Chapter 2 (Fredrik Ekman)

The clouds do indeed part, allowing the sun to shine through and heat the ocean to a boil, thereby causing a tremendous storm. The anotar is totally out of control and for hours they do not even see where the storm is taking them. When the mists finally part, they are almost thrown at a rock wall. For several more hours they are taken north by the storm. A new day dawns and they see an unfamiliar coastline, plains, forests, rivers and mountains. Carson guesses that they are now far into the unexplored northern hemisphere.

Chapter 3 (Fredrik Ekman)

Finally able to control the anotar, they seek out a river with no sign of human habitation nearby. Carson fails to shoot some game, but they land and drink water before Duare goes to sleep. Carson tries to stay awake but also falls asleep and they are captured by bearded men with gills. Their leader, Ulirus, is a nice fellow, but fear makes him order them brought to the city Mypos and the king (jong) Tyros. The men all have beautifully muscular bodies, but their faces look strange, with their gills, thick lips and bulbous eyes.

Chapter 4 (Fredrik Ekman)

Walking through a forest, Ulirus becomes suspicious of Carson's pistol, the like of which he has never seen. Carson explains that anyone who tries to take it will die, and so is allowed to keep it. Entering the city of Mypos ("the largest city in the world" according to Ulirus, but in reality only a hundred acres), Carson demands that he and Duare be treated as royalty. He is advised by Ulirus and another officer not to let it be known that they are royal, since Tyros is a hated megalomaniac who thinks that all other jongs are fake. Carson and Duare are left with the other slaves, mostly normal humans. Carson has a minor argument with the cruel slave keeper Vomer. A nice looking male slave introduces himself as Kandar from Japal. Kandar explains how the northern Amtorians view the world. To them, the southern hemisphere is as unknown as is the northern to the people living in the south. The people of the north also believe that the world is flat, but at least they think that the north pole is the center of the disc.

Chapter 5 (Fredrik Ekman)

Kandar reveals that the Myposans capture many sea-farers whose ships are wrecked in a narrow canal to the sea. The culture of the people on the norhtern hemisphere differs quite much from that of those in the south, and they are apparently much less scientifically advanced. The language, however, is almost (but not quite) the same. Vomer whips slaves at his leisure, but when the turn has come to Carson, he is frightened off by Carson's attitude. His second in command takes the whip and Carson kills the man and one other soldier with the pistol. Kandar offers to help protecting Carson's back.

Chapter 6 (Fredrik Ekman)

The day after the shooting, Carson and Kandar discuss the possibility of escape. Carson's ancestry is discussed, including Deacon Edmund Rice (Sadbury, Massachusetts, 1639) and Cole Codoveg (king of Briton in the third century). Later Carson, Duare, Kandar and other slaves are selected for special duty and marched outside the slave compound.

Chapter 7 (Fredrik Ekman)

The group walks along narrow streets and finally find themselves by a small platform. Many Myposans examine them. Duare is called upon the platform and is sold as a slave to Tyros' agent Kod. The price is a measly 100 klovol (one vol "has about the same purchasing power as one of our fifty-nine cent dollars"). Vomer and other soldiers tie Carson's hands and beat him up. Kandar explais that Duare is fortunate since Tyros' mate Skabra will never let Tyros have her. Kandar is sold to another buyer at 350 kloovol and finally Carson, who has been insubordinate, goes for the ridiculous price of ten kloovol, bought by the same person that bought Kandar, the agent of Yron.

Chapter 8 (Fredrik Ekman)

Carson refuses to follow the man until his hands are freed. The slave agent tries to whip Carson into compliance, but finally does as he asks. They reach the house of Yron. Yron reprimands his agent for buying a potentially dangerous slave, but Carson promises to behave as long as he is treated well. They are given wooden tridents and put on guard beside a pool with small fish, ordered to "Let nothing harm the children." and "Be constantly on the lookout for guypals." A third guard recognizes Kandar. He is Artol, a member of Kandar's father Jantor's personal guard. He tells the story of how he came to be there.

Chapter 9 (Fredrik Ekman)

Artol and other guards were appointed to guard a ship with valuable cargo, bound for Torlac at Noellat-gerloo (Mighty Ocean). As the ship was waiting for the tide to turn at the canal between the Lake of Japal and Noellat-gerloo, they were attacked by Myposans. Although outnumbered, and although the captain hid below deck, they offered good resistance. Eventually, Artol performed a dangerous maneuver and raised anchor as the tide turned towards the sea. The Myposan ship had to cut loose and they managed to get clear through to the sea. The captain, Gangor, did not appreciate the dangerous action, so on the way back he freed some Myposan prisoners on the condition that they capture the surviving guards. Thus became Artol a slave in Mypos.

Chapter 10 (Fredrik Ekman)

Kandar explains that the guypals are large birds of prey. The next day, the trio are again ordered to guard the pool and Carson is told that the fish in the pool are actually Yron's children. Suddenly, Artol cries a warning as the guypals attack.

Chapter 11 (Fredrik Ekman)

Acting on instinct, Carson kills four guypals with the pistol. Yron confronts him, asking about the weapon and Carson threatens Yron. Eventually Yron breaks the stalemate by diving into the pool. He does not resurface and Kandar explains that the pools are connected by a network of underwater tunnels that extend to the lake.

Chapter 12 (Fredrik Ekman)

The next day, royal guards come to take Carson away. Carson has been given to the jong as a gift. He demands, threatening with his pistol, that Kandar be given away at the same time. Yron, trying to seem generous to his jong, gives both the slaves and a third at that. At Carson's advice, Artol is selected as the third slave.

Chapter 13 (Fredrik Ekman)

A slave at the royal palace, Carson still does not get to see Duare. A Myposan slave, Plin, is interested in Carson's weapon. Unlike all other Myposans, he shows no fear when Carson says that no-one but he can touch it and live. Plin says that Duare is safe under the protection of Tyros' mate Skabra. Several days later, Tyros sends for Carson.

Chapter 14 (Fredrik Ekman)

Carson is brought into the throne room, where many Myposans are assembled, Yron among them. Carson tells Tyros how much Yron paid for him and says that the act of giving him away was done by Yron in the hope of Carson killing Tyros. Tyros is furious, but does not believe in the pistol's deadliness. Carson refuses to kill a slave to prove it. Instead, he threatens Tyros and demands to be set free along with Duare, Kandar and Artol. Tyros sends him away.

Chapter 15 (Fredrik Ekman)

The following night, Carson's pistol is stolen. In the evening, there is a great festivity in celebration of the maturing of one of Tyros' children. Carson is told that Plin stole the pistol and that he was freed as a reward. The pistol has been thrown into the pool. Intoxicated, Tyros argues with Skabra, then drags Duare with him and dives into the pool.

Chapter 16 (Fredrik Ekman)

Carson runs past the guards and dives after Tyros. Finding his pistol at the bottom of the pool, he follows through a tunnel and then into another room, where Tyros has taken Duare. Carson kills Tyros and then ten guards. Carson and Duare escape through the underwater tunnel. They spend the rest of the day in a tower and then escape into the lake. They search for the anotar, but cannot find it and eventually fall asleep on the ground. When they awake, they find that they have been sleeping almost next to the anotar.

Chapter 17 (Fredrik Ekman)

After take-off, Carson and Duare decide to attempt to rescue Kandar and Artol. They fly over the city and drop a message to the two slaves, then they head south, pretending to go away. They land and await the coming of night.

Chapter 18 (Fredrik Ekman)

At night they fly back and land on the lake outside the city. After some time they see boats set out, evidently in search of runaways. The couple in the anotar finds Kandar and Artol almost at the same time as the soldiers. They manage to escape by a narrow margin. Kandar and Artol explain how they got away by killing two guards and diving through the water-filled tunnels. Just as they were about to dive into the pool, Plin cried out in alarm and that is why the search parties were so close at their heels. They also explain that after Tyros' death a struggle for power has begun and that presently the impopular Skabra rules.

Chapter 19 (Fredrik Ekman)

At dawn they land outside Japal. Kandar and Artol go to the city gates to explain who they are, but soon come running back with guards in hot pursuit. They manage to escape in the anotar, and explain that the traitor Gangor has seized power in the city. The jong, Jantor, has escaped, but they do not know whereto. They decide to search for him in the nearby village of Timal. In Timal they find Jantor and his other son Doran. After some persuasion, the chief Yat allows them to land. They are received with friendship and respect by the primitive but intelligent and friendly Timals, who resemble humans except for their horns and tail.

Chapter 20 (Fredrik Ekman)

Carson takes Yat up in the anotar. A few days later he flies Jantor, Kandar and Doran to Japal to look at it from the air. They see a fleet in the distance and discover that it is the Myposans who come to attack. They decide to warn the people in Japal, in spite of their traitorous leader. Gangor receives the shouted message and shouts back an invitation for Jantor to join his people in this crisis. Jantor accepts, even though the others try to persuade him not to. Kandar and Doran nevertheless want to join him, but he refuses. Carson lands outside the city and Jantor walks toward the waiting soldiers.

Chapter 21 (David Bruce Bozarth)

Circling low, Napier witnesses Gangor's murder of Jantor. Gangor escapes Carson's buzz attack and pistol. Carson flies to the Myposan fleet, makes the peace sign, then requests a palavar with Skabra, who is in command. Landing on the water a short distance away, Skabra comes in a small boat. Carson warns that Japal is ready for war and the Myposans should turn back. When asked his motive, "You were kind to my mate, and the sons of Jantor are my friends." Skabra decides to continue the attack plan. Napier departs, returning to Japal, laying over in a cove. The next morning the two fleets battle. Observing from the air, Carson's propeller is struck by a rock.

Chapter 22 (David Bruce Bozarth)

Napier lands near shore, a mile from the battle. Kandar and Doran help conceal the anotar. Wood to make a new propeller was at hand, but tools were a problem. At night, the three attempt to enter the city, but are captured. Doran concocts a cover story; they had been hunting and knew nothing of the battle. The trio is taken before Gangor, who condemns them to death.

Chapter 23 (David Bruce Bozarth)

Incarcerated in a dismal dungeon for several weeks, a guard informs the trio they are to be executed. Carson baits the jailer, then throttles him with the help of Kandar. Freed of their chains, Kandar reveals knowledge of a secret passage out of the city, however they must enter the sleeping quarters of the jong to access it. Entering the dark chamber, Napier bumps something, Gangor wakes, Carson retrieves the pistol taken from him earlier but it fails to operate when guards come at Gangor's shout. Retreating and fighting with spears, Kandar slays Gangor as guards continue to enter. Then the sound of gongs and trumpets stop the fighting.

Chapter 24 (David Bruce Bozarth)

At Napier's urging Kandar dons the mantle of jong and leads the warriors of the city against strange warriors. During the melee Napier corrects the setting on his pistol and saves Kandar, but as the enemy retreats is captured and carried away. Napier learns the Brokal (sic) nation is 40 kobs (100 miles) beyond the mountains. Conversation with one of the captors becomes a "my dog is better than your dog" exchange. If Napier can lead his captors to other countries to conquer he might live--but if he lied to Loto-El-Ho-Ganja (most high more than woman) or Duma (the jong) then death was his reward; yet, since his yellow hair and gray eyes were already lies...

Chapter 25 (David Bruce Bozarth)

Carson's speculations regarding Ka-at's conversation regarding the most beautiful woman in Brokol (sic. and constant through remaining chapters) who had never hung from a plant were answered when, five days later, the company enters Brokol. Napier manages to secretly recover his pistol and conceals it. Yorkokor Ka-at (military title: commands 1,000 men) returns defeated, with one lone prisoner for his efforts. Napier is caged next to Jonda of Tonglap (big land), a vookor (one dagger: commands 100 men) who relates that they might be sacrificed to Loto-El-Ho-Ganja. Weeks later Jonda and Napier are put to labor, clearing an arena. While being taken to Duma, Napier observes the Brokol plant biology interface (hanging as fruit from trees).

Chapter 26 (David Adams)

Carson and Jonda are brought into the throne room of Duma, the jong of Brokol. His vadjong, Dua is also present. (All the jongs of Brokol are named Duma; and the vadjongs, Dua.) They are questioned, and Carson is branded a liar. Carson is sent to Loto-El-Ho-Ganja Kum O Raj (Most High More Than Woman Of The Fire), the goddess-queen of Brokol. [She is really Betty Callwell, an earthwoman who had somehow been mysteriously transported across space to Amtor.] She questions Carson alone (to the hesitation of Ro-ton, the high priest) and seems to remember the USA.

Chapter 27 (David Adams)

Ro-ton interrupts Loto and Carson to tell her that Duma has selected a sacrifice. Loto is angry because the high-priest has a habit of suggesting sacrificing anyone that interests her. During their conversation, Loto seems to remember hearing about New York. An angry Duma comes in and deposes Loto, declares himself god, and sends Carson to his cage. Loto is caged as well -- with Carson.

Chapter 28 (David Adams)

Loto, Jonda, and Carson are all condemned to death. The green Brokol people have white blood like the sap of some plants, and they eat no meat though they drink the blood of warm blooded animals. Female Brokols lay small, nut-like eggs which are planted in the ground, and in a matter of years their babies are born, hanging like fruit. Guypals eat some of the Brokol infants before they are ready to fall. Loto tells Carson that she never drank the blood of the human sacrifices. She remembers her name, Betty, and Brooklyn, then falls into a swoon. They sleep, and in the morning Loto is gone.

Chapter 29 (David Adams)

Jonda and Carson are taken into the "bull ring." Duma asks Carson where Loto has gone, and he suggests that she is a goddess who has escaped to prepare his and Ro-ton's death. Six nobargans are set against the men in battle. Nobargans are hairy, manlike cannibals. Carson shoots them all with his pistol. He also shoots the guards sent to take his gun. Just as he is about to shoot the rest of the inhabitants of Brokol, his anotar appears overhead. Duma and Ro-ton, thinking it is Loto returning to punish them, run away. Duare waves from the plane, and the arena empties. Duare lands in the arena, and everyone is rescued. (In an Editor's Note the dead body of Betty Callwell is found in an alley on Brooklyn after 25 years, in a perfect state of preservation.)

Chapter 30 (David Adams)

Doran invites Jonda to stay in Japal until he can find the means to return to Tonglap. Carson and Duare then take the anotar in search for Korva (located on Anlap, or Birdland). They travel down the length of the Lake of Japal for 500 miles, then out over the "noellat gerloo," a gray sea, guided by Carson's compass and corrected maps. After a week, they come to a round city with round streets and round buildings. Just then the propeller flies off the plane.

Chapter 31 (David Adams)

They glide to a landing in the plaza and are greeted by happy people who shower them with flowers. They are in Voo-ad -- First City. Ata-voo-med-ro (A-One-million three) introduces himself, but they can't tell whether "he" is male or female. He invites them to meet Vik-vik-vik (999) their jong while someone runs off with their propeller. There are no old people nor children, and all look alike, rather plump and soft, wearing skirts made of long pouches or pockets. They also have a reddish line running down the center of their faces. Vik-vik-vik smiles and welcomes them to Voo-ad, asking them to stay a few days. They are shown around the city, but a large, domed building is to be saved as last on the tour. A complicated caste system is explained to them based upon work and numbers -- servants, artisans, nobles, and royalty. At a banquet, the Vooyorgans take enormous pleasure in eating. Suddenly, Carson and Duare become paralyzed from the neck down.

Chapter 32 (David Adams)

They are prisoners who are to be in a collection in the Museum of Natural History under the great domed building. They are hung upon the walls with lettered plaques underneath. During the night one of the guards, Dan-voo-med, falls down and divides in two right down the center of its head and body. Just then one of the "exhibits" recognizes Carson.

Chapter 33 (David Adams)

It is his friend, Ero Shan from Havatoo. Ero Shan built a plane from Carson's plans, was forced down in a storm and captured by the Vooyorgans. He tells them that his wife Nalte was well last time he saw her. He explains the strange dividing as the Vooyorgans's means of reproduction. Each half makes another complete being. Vik-yor is a Vooyorgan without a dividing line, so he will never reproduce. He is a "sport," a part of a division of Vik-vik-vik that developed an identical half with the original half. He is attracted to Duare. She thinks he is a male amoeba who has learned to paw.

Chapter 34 (David Adams)

Duare lures Vik-yor by promises of love and learns that there is an antidote to the paralyzing poison. She wants him to free Carson and Ero Shan as well as herself, but he only wants Duare and says he will poison the others. The men privately agree that with her free they stand some sort of a chance of rescue. Vik-yor promises to come back in the evening for her.

Chapter 35 (David Adams)

Vik-yor arrives, poisons the guards and gives Duare the antidote. When she can move again, she kisses Carson's hand and takes his r-ray pistol. Vik-yor taunts Carson, telling him he will never see Duare again. Ero Shan weeps as they depart.

Chapter 36 (David Adams)

Vik-vik-vik brings a hundred banquet guests to the museum to pick up Duare to be his vadjong. When he discovers that she is gone, he questions the heroes, and Ero Shan tells him that she was taken by a human man who flew in and killed the guards simply by looking at them. Suddenly they hear the sounds of r-ray fire and screams of the Vooyorgans, then silence. Has Duare escaped?

Chapter 37 (David Adams)

[Starting with this chapter and through chapter 41 the story is told in the third person.] Yes, she and Vik-yor has just reached the anotar when Duare has to shoot some of the guests out looking for her. Her plan was to fix the anotar, force the antidote from Vik-yor and return for Carson and Ero Shan, but their discovery causes a slight change in these plans. As she is shooting the Vooyorgans, Vik-yor watches, learning how to use the gun, and takes it from her when she returns it to the holster. After fixing the anotar they take off. Vik-yor is terrified at flying, but even repeated dives and spins will not force him to give up the weapon or the antidote.

Chapter 38 (David Adams)

Vik-yor asks Duare to explain love to him. He tells her that he once was the left (male) half of Vik-vik-vik but now is a whole man. They land on a lake and Duare drinks, but refuses him water. He thinks that having a woman maybe is not such a good thing, but he is bound to her now because he can't go back home. They land near a forest to look for food, and Vik-yor abandons her by climbing a tree when he sees a tharban (lion) approaching.

Chapter 39 (David Adams)

The tharban is distracted by a tongzan ("big-beast") and there is a mighty battle resulting in the death of both animals. Duare starts back for the anotar, but Vik-yor is too frightened to come down from his tree. Suddenly, a dozen short, squat, hairy men begin to chase her, but she beats them back to the plane. One man manages to get into the cockpit behind her, but she dumps him out in a roll. Nothing much is left of Djup. The warriors discover Vik-yor in his tree and pull him down. He is too frightened to use the gun.

Chapter 40 (David Adams)

Duare rescues Vik-yor by diving the anotar and scattering the warriors, allowing him time to climb aboard. Vik-yor decides to fly the anotar himself and crash lands safely on a river. Duare has to swim out to get into the plane again.

Chapter 41 (David Adams)

Vik-yor eats nuts and drinks water and dies. Duare takes the gun and the antidote and heads back to Voo-ad alone.

Chapter 42 (David Adams)

[Here the story returns to the first person narrative.] Duare returns, kills the guards, and rescues Carson and Ero Shan. Carson releases all of the human exhibits with the antidote, and a couple of hundred angry warriors get their revenge on Vik-vik-vik burning the city to the ground as the heroes and heroine fly off in their search for the city of Sanara.

Chapter 43 (David Bruce Bozarth)

Flying south toward Korva, Napier views mountains and steers that direction before the clouds descended. Crossing the mountains, over a vast plain, they seek Sanara, but find instead 20 enormous machines--and are fired upon. The anotar is crippled.

Chapter 44 (David Bruce Bozarth)

Napier, Duare, and Ero Shan are captured and taken before Danlot the lotokor (commander). The Anlap lantars (land ships) and various vessels are classified in Amtorian. Initially considered Pangan spies, they learn that Havatoo is known and Korgan Kantum Ambat (known to Ero Shan) was rescued from Thorists years earlier. Danlot of Onar is troubled going into battle with Duare onboard. Vantor, the klookor (lieutenant) offers to double, thus giving Duare his quarters. Though Napier protests, Duare is taken to a lesser ship and he and Ero Shan are quartered with a rokor (sub-lieutenant). Soon after a lantar approaches, displaying the battle flag of Falsa. The fleet is deployed and the battle commences.

Chapter 45 (David Bruce Bozarth)

Napier is instructed as regards armament and functionality of the lantars as the battle progresses. Napier mans a gun position where all had been killed. Carson disables an enemy battleship with t-rays. At the conclusion of the battle Carson learns the conflict is over grazing land and the men of Hangor have stolen most of Pangan's herds and the men of Maltor have stolen most of Oran's. The following morning, while reinforcment ships had arrived, Napier learns Duare is missing and that Vantor's body, stabbed through the heart, has been found.

Chapter 46 (Stan Galloway)

Danlot restrains Carson from searching for Duare, saying she is being searched for -- to be punished for Vantor's murder. Carson volunteers himself and Ero Shan to fight for the Falsans in a scout ship. By his fighting well he hopes to atone, for Duare's sake, for Vantor's death. They are assigned to the Athgan 975. The commander, Ganjo, assigns them to stern and bow guns. Carson sits beside the pilot and soon is assured that he can pilot as well. In the engagement with the unassailable city of Hor, the Falsans try out two new torpedo-shaped ships called gantors, which function like armed battering rams. Gaining entry into the city, the 975 is deployed to the barracks area. The pilot and commander are killed by r-ray shots and Carson assumes command of the 975. By nightfall the jong of the Pangans surrenders, though "the main body of the Pangan fleet had escaped through the rear gates."

Chapter 47 (Stan Galloway)

The 975 waits in the square for instructions. Pangan "girls" offer them liquor; all but Ero Shan and Carson leave with the women. These two decide to search for Duare outside the city but are turned back by guards at the gate. Instead they go to the palace to report to Danlot the drunken condition of his forces. There they find all the high ranking Falsan officers drunk, interspersed with sober Pangans. As they look on, the Pangan jong, Hajan, raises his sword signaling the stabbing or capture of the Falsan officers. Trumpets sound and Carson tosses his and Ero Shan's identifying helmets aside. Within an hour the drunken Falsans are herded into the public square. Carson and Ero Shan are arrested for not being Pangans.

Chapter 48 (Stan Galloway)

The next day the Falsan troops are sent home on foot, some 2,000 miles, with two ships of supplies. Danlot and others are held hostage until a treaty is signed. Banat, the arresting officer, takes Carson and Ero Shan to his commander who disbelieves Carson's story but releases them to Banat. Banat further questions them at his home, impressed by Carson's scientific knowledge, especially the explanation for why night and day occur. Banat gains the 975, which they refurbish and Carson commands in a punitive attack on Hangor. Lacking military precision the Pangans are quickly divided, the 975 is disabled, and Carson and Ero Shan flee to the hills.

Chapter 49 (Stan Galloway)

After the battlefield have been cleaned up of prisoners and working equipment, Carson and Ero Shan return to the 975 and begin repairing it. At the moment the next afternoon that the 975 is finished, they are captured by "some fifty very savage-looking men mounted upon zorats." Zorats are short-tempered horse-camels of Amtor. These rough people fight often and eat meat raw. Carson and Ero Shan say they only want directions to California. They are taken through slattern housing to Hangor's jong, Jeft, who says Californians are zorat-stealers. They are assigned to work under Stalar.

Chapter 50 (Stan Galloway)

Stalar threatens them then puts them in a compound with other captured men, including Banat. They are set to work carving and building a rock wall to extend the city borders. Stalar orders Carson's guard to watch him carefully and beat him mercilessly for slight lapses. The guard later assures Carson that good work does not deserve beatings. In delivering rock to the wall he sees Duare laying mortar and is lashed by the wall guard. The next trip, accompanied by his quarry guard, he and his guard are attacked. Carson disarms the attacking guard. The wall guard claims to Stalar that Carson tried to kill him. The quarry guard contradicts his testimony, saying he was protecting his guard. Stalar orders them back to work then starts to whip Duare for watching. Carson steps between them and says, "Don't!" Stalar backs off. Later Carson learns that his quarry guard, Omat, is the jong's nephew; his mother had been a Pangan. Carson tells Omat that Duare is his mate.

Chapter 51 (Stan Galloway)

Omat brings Duare to Carson at suppertime. They sit holding hands until Duare tells Carson what happened after she killed Vantor. She hid in the grass and followed the movements of the Falsan troops to be near Carson. She was later seized by a "Half a dozen of these terrible Hangors." The Hangors looted the disabled anotar and brought Duare to Hangor where she was reunited with Carson. Carson plans to escape with Duare, Ero Shan and Banat. He finds the female slave quarters adjoin the male's. The mealtime ends and they are separated. The next day Carson is assigned to clean a corral of knee-deep zorat filth and pull the loaded carts outside the city to be dumped. One guard in particular pushed Carson's strength and endurance to win wagers. Drained by numerous welts and cuts, Carson impales his guard, takes his pistol and buries him, "a filthy thing buried beneath filth."

Chapter 52 (Stan Galloway)

The guard who had bet against Carson asks about the missing guard. When Carson claims he does not know where the missing guard is he is ordered to slow his work for the benefit of the wagering guard, who is perplexed at the end of the day with no one to collect his winnings from. At supper, Carson, Ero Shan and Banat hide Duare with them. In the night, Carson kills the guard with the stolen pistol, adding the guard's to his collection, and lets his party through the gate to the zorat corrals. They gather mounts and ride through the night. Later, Ero Shan discovers they are being pursued. Carson tells Ero Shan to take Duare ahead to the 975, but she refuses. Carson then makes her promise to ride on if he falls in the confrontation.

Chapter 53 (Stan Galloway)

When the pursuers catch them, Ero Shan laughs to find the riderless zorats that had followed them from the city. They find and board the 975. Carson agrees to let Banat off a distance from Hor, rather than risk entanglement with the Falsans. A pirate scout ship approaches. A short skirmish disables the pirates, and the 975 stops several miles away to make repairs. Banat confirms that no one has ever crossed the mountains to the south, and then indicates that the human-eating Cloud People inhabit the upper regions. In the night Banat is let out and the others continue south.

Chapter 54 (Stan Galloway)

By daylight, they follow some zaldar herders to a canyon. The strange animal is described. They hail the herders in the canyon and convince them through Banat's name that they are friends. The herds, it turns out, belong to Banat, herded by his son. Banat's son warns them not to try to cross the mountains. Another herder offers more positive speculation. The herders give them some meat. The 975 continues seeking a pass across the mountains.

Chapter 55 (Stan Galloway)

High in the mountains they stop for the night with watchful eye. A tharban chases one of the fur-clad Cloud People into their camp. They shoot the tharban. The Cloud Man expects to be next and is surprised by their hospitality. The man, Mor, promises to return in the morning to guide them. In the morning fully 100 of the Cloud Men escort Carson's party through treacherous terrain. In the clouds, the men disrobe revealing corpse-like skin, tiny noses and large owl-like eyes. They pant rather than sweat. They rest at Mor's village briefly and then continue until night. Another day's travel brings them across the fog-washed mountains. Mor refuses the meat offered in payment, saying his life is payment. At the end of the canyon, Carson recognizes distant landmarks marking the end of their year-long travails.