Exploring the Life and Works of Edgar Rice Burroughs
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CHARACTERSAbner Perry David Innes Fash, King of Suvi Hodon, the Fleet One Oose, King of Kali O-aa (daughter of Oose) (Noada of Tanga-tanga) Ghak, the Hairy One (King of Sari) Blug Dian, the Beautiful One (Noada of Lolo-lolo) Dolly Dorcas (Ah-gilak, "old man") Ta-ho (a cave lion) La-ak Ja of Anoroc Raj Gamba (King of Lolo-lolo) Hor (High priest of Lolo-lolo) Pu (god of Lolo-lolo) Ope (High priest of Tanga-tanga) Furp (the go-sha (king) of Tanga-tanga) Thipdar Aztarag (shark) Ta-ho-az (a giant sea lion) Lidi (diplodocus) Hamlar (Chief of the Tandar) Manai (mate of Hamlar) Bovar (son of Hamlar & Manai) Stellara (mate of Tanar) Shrud Tarags (saber-toothed tigers) Ko, Mezop third mate Rahna (a Jalok -- hyaenodon) Utan of the Zurts Zurk (“bowlegs”--son of Jalu) Jalu (Chief of the Zurts) Codon (timber wolf of the Pleistocene) Tandoraz (pleisiosaur)
EDGAR RICE BURROUGHS'
David "Nkima" Adams
Copyright © 2000
(Mostly Nkima, some Tangor inserted)
This Pellucidarian "novel" which consists of three (bear with me) short inter-linked novelettes as originally published in Amazing Stories in 1942. The series was again published by Amazing Stories in 1963. The first hard back edition appeared that same year from Canaveral and included "Savage Pellucidar," written during the same original time frame but not released until 1963. Listed in writing order the four parts are:
- The Return to Pellucidar, September 1940.
- Men of the Bronze Age, October 1940.
- Tiger Girl, November 1940
- Savage Pellucidar, October 1944.
According to Porges, "Burroughs' remarkable writing discipline and the flexibility of his imagination were illustrated in his shifts between three fantasy worlds, leaving one series incomplete while turning to another or working on two series at the same time." (658)
Here is the writing schedule Porges presents, which illustrates that Savage Pellucidar's first three stories were written in the middle of Llana of Gathol, Escape on Venus, and Beyond the Farthest Star.
- Captured on Venus, (May 4-July 20, 1940)
- Frozen Men of Mars, (Llana of Gathol) (July 24-September 6, 1940)
- The Return to Pellucidar, (September,7-15 1940) "Hodon and O-aa"
- The Fire Goddess, (Escape on Venus) September 16-24, 1940
- Men of the Bronze Age, October 6-13
- The Living Dead, (Escape on Venus) October 15-22=20
- Escape on Mars, (Llana of Gathol) (October 24-30)
- Beyond the Farthest Star, October 24-November 5
- Tiger Girl, November 6-10, 1940
- War on Venus, (Escape on Venus) November 12-16, 1940
The Return to Pellucidar
Abner Perry builds an aeroplane that David Innes tries to fly, but it blows up before it can leave the ground.
An Emperor of Pellucidar, David decides to go to Fash, the King of Suvi to remove him from the throne since he had once captured his mate, Dian the Beautiful. David sails the EPS Sari to Amoz where he picks up 50 warriors to join his own 50. Next they start on foot to Kali. David sends Hodon, the Fleet One, ahead to let Oose, King of Kali know they are coming. When Hodon arrives he is tricked into delivering his message to Fash, who has already taken over the caves of Kali. (These "cities" are all really cave man villages.) Hodon us captured and put in a cave with Oose, the real King of Kali and 50 of his own warriors. The false messenger tells David to come to Kali, planning to ambush him on the way. Hodon escapes by a ruse.
Perry makes a natural gas balloon to ascend into the sky. Hodon runs to tell David of a possible ambush and comes upon O-aa, daughter of Oosa. (these are really Cro-Magnons with the sensibilities of medieval courtiers.) They run together to find David. O-aa talks a lot, especially about her strong brother who will teach Hodon a thing or two (because he does not treat her like the daughter of a King) and about her beautiful sister. Ghak the Hairy One, King of Sari embarks with a 1000 warriors on 2 ships to aid David's war. The ships carry 8 cannons each, which may or may not work. David's men are tricked and captured by the Suvians. Hodon and O-aa arrive in time to observe this event. Fash tells David he is now Emperor of Pellucidar and punches him to the ground.
Hodon returns to the caves of Kali with a plan to rescue David. David is placed in the same high cave Hodon escaped from. Hodon goes back and kisses O-aa, and she cuts him with her stone knife.
Hodon and O-aa help David and the Kalians escape by throwing rocks on the heads of the guards and lowering lianas for them to climb. Oose, O-aa's father, wants her to marry a Neanderthal type named Blug. Hodon fights Blug and punches him down. O-aa runs away into the forest, and Oose and Blug follow while David and Hodon remain to free his Sarians. David and Hodon finally have to flee as well.
Hodon makes spears while David makes a bow and arrows. Hodon saves O-aa from a Ta-ho, a cave lion, and O-aa disappears. Hodon follow her; he feels angry she has left him and almost wants to kill her. She wants him to kill Blug and he is beginning to think she is not worth having as a mate. They are being watched by 6 strange looking creatures.
This is a very long chapter with closely following fugal themes. Perry's rock test in the balloon is a success. Dian ascends despite his misgivings. Hodon and O-aa are captured by sabertooth men--black with prehensile tails with practically no head above the brows. These cannibals have down-turned tusks. Hodon and O-aa bicker during their capture as they are taken to the sabertooth men's cave. Dian's ascent continues; Perry screams. David worries when Hodon does not return. Following the trail, David discovers the capture by the sabertooth men. He ascends the volcano. Meanwhile, Hodon and O-aa meet a little old man with a white beard and a Cape Cod accent, a prisoner in this "Hell" since his youth. He is the sole survivor of the arctic whaling ship "Dolly Dorcas," which sailed through a polar opening into Pellucidar. He is a cannibal who ate his entire crew and has thought of eating his own leg. Perry had not fastened the balloon's tether; Dian sails away. David finds Hodon and O-aa in the volcanic crater. Hodon suggests an escape. David creates a diversion with smoke. Hodon, O-aa, and the old man easily climb out the volcano. Dian, aloft in the ballon is cold and hungry. David and his friends are followed by the sabertooth men. Innes holds them off with bow and arrows. Sheltered within a cave, the old man wants to eat O-aa right away. Very humorous dialogue follows. When food does run out "Dolly Dorcas" tries to kill O-aa. Hodon wants to kill him, so he runs out of the cave. The sabertooths let him run into the forest. Ghak arrives at Kali with his 1000 men. He beats the Suvians and frees the Sarian prisoners. The old man who is "not Dolly Dorcas" runs into camp. He tells Ghak about Hodon and David's plight. Hodon has saved half of his food for O-aa, and she has saved half of her food for him. They kiss. She confesses she has no brother or sister. Ghak comes and rescues them all.
Men of the Bronze Age
Ghak saves "Dolly Dorcas" from Hodon and renames him Ah-gliak, "old man." He likes the name better than Dolly Dorcas. Oose and the men from Kali meet David's party on the way back to the village. Blug and Hodon fight over O-aa, and Hodon pounds Blug's head into jelly with a rock. "Blug is not much good anymore." To say the least. O-aa has again disappeared. O-aa thinks Blug has killed Hodon, so she runs away to Sari. Abner Perry is so broken up over the loss of Dian in his balloon that he is thinking of suicide. She is drifting toward Thuria, the Land of the Awful Shadow. She is cold and hungry so she sleeps. A thipdar attacks the air bag.
O-aa is captured by a handsome man wearing a feathered loin cloth. He takes her in his double out-rigger canoe across the sea to the Island of Canda. He is La-ak. O-aa is to be his 7th wife. She tells him she will kill his other wives, so he decides to throw her overboard. David, Hodon and the old man sail on Ghak's ship. The old man tells them he can build a better one -- a clipper ship. They determine that he is 153 years old since he came to Pellucidar at age 40. They are aboard the Amoz, the flag ship of the little fleet of three. There are 500 warriors aboard. There are 8 cannons, and the lateen sail is made from the peritonea of dinosaurs. The sailors of the Amoz are copper colored Mezops from the Anoroc Islands. The captain is Ja, King of Anoroc. They are caught in a hurricane. The pterodactyl leaves Dian's balloon, but it is damaged and she descends. A shark, an aztarag, bites on the trailing rope, pulling her down, but she cuts it and sails away.
O-aa threatens to jump overboard (La-ak had really, just planned on knocking her out) so they sail on. They are attacked by a ta-ho-az, a giant sea lion. O-aa kills La-ak with his own spear! She throws him overboard to feed the sea lion and escapes. She drifts into a storm. David saves the old man from being washed overboard, and the storm ends. The mast is gone, as are all but 25 men. They drift derelict. The old man tells them to fix the ship rather than building rafts. O-aa's canoe rides the crests of the waves during the same hurricane. The little Sari, the smallest of the 3 ships, picks up O-aa when they meet her canoe. Raj wants to keep her, but she slaps his face. A man from Thuria riding a lidi (diplodocus) sees Dian's balloon passing overhead. When he gets home no one believes him. A runner from Sari confirms his sighting, but Dian has sailed away beyond the Nameless Strait.
Dian floats over a city, then lands near another one. The men from both cities fight over her with bows and arrows and 2 bladed short-swords. This second city is called Lolo-lolo. Dian is called their Noada. They are yellow men of the bronze age. She is welcomed to the House of the Gods by the priests who wear leather coats and masks. The Amoz is jury rigged by the old man, and they are led to Amoz city by their homing instinct. O-aa tells Raj that she is the daughter of a king, so they decide to treat her well. She brags about her prowess and Raj tells her to shut up. The Mezops take a lifeboat out to sea to go to Anaroc. The Sarians take another to Sari. O-aa does not go with the Sarians because they are not very good sailors. She decides to remain aboard the drifting derelict. O-aa lands at Tanga-tanga and becomes their true Noada. She swims ashore.
O-aa goes along with being the long-awaited Noada who will help the Tanga-tanga's get to Karana (heaven) after death. Meanwhile, Dian is playing at being the Noada of the Xexots of Lolo-lolo. They believe she can send them to Karana or to Molop Az, the flaming sea upon which Pellucidar floats. The go-sha (king) of these yellow people of Lolo-lolo is Gamba. The high priest is Hor. King Gamba does not believe in religion of the priests. He knows that Dian is only a woman, and he wants her for his wife. Dian discovers that the priests are robbing the people of ‘pieces,' their bronze coins. She demands that these "offerings" be used to pay the people what is owed them by the king and high priest. She suggests only a tithe be paid to the temple from now on, and she gets the people on her side.
A priest is sent to assassinate Dian as she sleeps, but she awakens in time. She learns that Hor is responsible for the plot. Dian makes new laws concerning "taxes" and temple upkeep. She asks for 50 warriors as her personal guard. The Tanga-tangas attack the city and the high priest demands that Dian save them, thinking she is finally headed for a downfall. "She was on the spot, and she knew it." The Tanga-tangas win the battle, but they are unable to get into the temple where Dian and the priests are safe from the carnage. The people of Lolo-lolo are so devastated that they just left their dead in the city to rot. Dian tells the people that they have lost the battle because of the greediness of the priests that has angered their god, Pu. The city is finally cleaned up, but it is too late to avoid a plague. Hor spreads rumors about Dian and Gamba's complicity in a plot to overthrow the temple. There is a revolution. The people led by Hor attack the temple and Gamba's palace, but Dian and Gamba escape in disguise. David, Hodon, Ghak, and Dolly Dorcas finally get back to Sari. Perry is still weeping over the loss of Dian, but they build a new balloon to search for her. A runner from Thuria arrives with the message that the balloon passed over, so they start searching in that direction. Hodon takes a ship to search for O-aa.
Dian and King Gamba get out of the city disguised as masked, rebel priests. They are rather friendly with each other now and decide to build a canoe to sail to Sari. The second balloon is finished, and David is prepared to go in search of his Dian. Meanwhile, Ope, the high priest of the Tanga-tanga's, is having trouble with his noada, O-aa. She keeps giving away the bronze money to the people since she does not know what money is. Furp, the go-sha (king) of Tanga-tanga is an atheist who is only interested in the split he normally receives from the temple offerings, so he is not happy with O-aa either. O-aa makes many mistakes as noada, but she is able to convince the ignorant priests and king that she is actually more powerful than Pu their god. Hodon, the Fleet one, sails off in search of O-aa. David floats off in the Dinosaur II balloon in search of Dian.
O-aa and Gamba set off on the sea in their canoe and are attacked by a sea monster. They kill it with arrows and swords. They are caught in a strong current and float out of the strait into the Kosar Az. David passes over Dian and Gamba sailing in the nameless strait and lands at Tanga-tanga. His balloon floats away when he steps out. The people think he is Pu (god).
O-aa declares that David is indeed Pu. She brings him up to date on the situation. David tells her that Hodon is still alive. David tells Ope, the high priest, to stop exacting so much money from the people, and he tells King Furg to stop demanding such high taxes. They are not happy. David tries to explain all of O-aa's previous lies about the relationship between Pu and the noada, and Ope and Furp are beginning to doubt that he is Pu.
Hodon picks up Raj the Mezop at Amoz. He is a sailor, the former commander of the abandoned Sari. By the time they arrive at the coast of the Xexot, a storm has carried off the Sari, so they pass by. Dian and Gamba arrive at the Kosar Az where a storm drives them to an island where they are captured by the Tandars. Hamlar is the chief. The Tandars keep trained tarags (saber-toothed tigers) and live in caves. Dian and Gamba are now slaves. Dian is the slave of Manai, mate of Hamlar. Bovar their son is attracted to her. He also wants her bronze (androde) knife enough to plan on killing her for it.
David and O-aa may be gods but they cannot leave Tanga-tanga since they are guarded by warriors of Furp. However, they are loved by the people since they lowered the taxes. They decide to set up a confessional to talk to the people privately, one at a time. This way they are able to make a list of loyal followers who will come to their aid if they are needed. Ah-gilak, the old man, proposes to Abner Perry the building of a clipper ship to follow David. They call it the John Tyler when it is finished because he was the last President the old man voted for 118 years ago. Stellara, mate of Tanar, christens the ship, and they set sail on the Lural Az for the Land of the Awful Shadow.
Both Dian and Gamba are tired of being slaves. Dian plans to escape. She has made friends with three tarags (tigers). Dian escapes into the jungle, but she is followed by Bovar, who wants her as a love-slave. Before he follows her, he kicks one of Dian's tigers, who follows him. Gamba kills Shrud, his shrewish mistress who is working him to death, and escapes into the same jungle. David and O-aa learn that they are about to be assassinated by the warriors of Furp. On the day of the attempt, he surrounds himself with loyal followers. David's men win the fight in the temple, but a larger battle is to come before Furp will be overcome entirely.
Gamba gets lost in the jungle and climbs a tree when he sees a tiger. Dian has 2 tarags with her when Bovar accosts her in the jungle, and he is killed by the tigers. Dian falls asleep as the tigers eat Bovar. When they have finished their meal, they drink at a stream and all sleep together in a comfortable pile. Gamba, hearing Bovar's screams, thinks that Dian is dead. Ope pledges a renewed loyalty to David and O-aa. There is another battle between the temple and the throne, and David's warriors win. He is now the master of Tanga-tanga. Ope is banished and Kanju, a loyal priest, takes his place upon David's orders. David builds a large canoe with a mast and sails to go in search of Dian. As they prepare to depart, they are attacked by warriors from Lolo-lolo. O-aa sets out in the canoe without David.
Hodon and Raj come to an island aboard the Lo-har. They find Dian's canoe, weapons, and sandals. Gamba sees Manats with ta-hos (cave lions) coming through the jungle. They are the enemies of the Tandars. The Manats capture Dian, which terrifies Gamba even more, and he decides to live up in the trees the rest of his life. Her tigers give their lives trying to protect her. Dian is led to Manat by brutal men. Ja, Abner, and Ah-gilak come upon O-aa in her canoe. They go and rescue David from the Lolo-lolos with their superior weapons -- muskets. Hodon and Mezop come upon Gamba who tells them about Dian's capture. They follow to the village of the Manats. Dian kills one of her captors in a cave as he tries to beat her. Just then, Hodon and his party arrives to save her.
David in search of Dian sails north on the Kosar Az while Hodon and his men sail south in search of O-aa [Unbeknownst to either party of stalwart searchers, Dian is already saved with Hodon and O-aa is with David]. They are searching for the lost who have already been found. Ghak's stone-age men are not sailors and after traveling 1400 miles with David they want to go home. It is 700 miles back to Sari by land, but 5000 by sea. Ghak's men choose to go by land. He, as their leader, goes with them as does Abner Perry to get home faster so he can invent a steam locomotive and a camera. David goes with them as well.
Ko, the Mezop Third mate, makes a play of O-aa, calling her "little one," but is rebuffed and slapped. Ja admonishes his angry mate, but Ah-gilak thinks she "needs a lesson." He wants to throw O-aa overboard in a calm and fog. To him, a woman on a ship is a "hoo doo." When they come near land, O-aa jumps overboard and swims ashore. As she examines a cliff wall she will have to climb out of the sea, she is attacked by a Tylosaurus.
The John Tyler is getting dangerously close to shore in the fog. The Lo-har is also fogbound; they have now turned north. Gamba does not like sailing and is furious when he learns they are sailing away from Sari. O-aa escapes the reptile and climbs the 100 foot cliff on vines. As she fights baby thipdars, she cuts the vine and falls but catches another. At the top she discovers she is on an island, and is immediately attacked by a jalok, the fierce dog of Pellucidar.
The John Tyler is caught on the rocks. Thinking that the ship is floundering, Ja and the Mezops abandon ship, but they make the old man remain aboard as punishment because they think he has thrown O-aa overboard when she cannot be found. The John Tyler comes off the rocks and sails out to sea with only Ah-gilak aboard. O-aa walks away, and the hyaenodon follows her but does not attack. When a codon, a timber wolf of the Pleistocene, appears, the jalok kill it and continues following. It likes her, and they become companions. O-aa discovers the reason for the jalok's behavior. It was the hunting companion of a man who was somehow killed, leaving behind a canoe and weapons. She has a way to reach the mainland, but she fears the reptiles in the sea. She is hungry so goes hunting with her jalok.
Ah-gilak cannot manage the ship alone so he plans to beach it when he can do so safely. O-aa and the jalok kill three small horses about the size of foxes. (These are Hyracotherri of the Lower Eocene.) The jalok also brings her a deer, and with a good wind to the coast they set off in the canoe. They escape a tandoraz, mammoth of the sea, (pleisiosaur) by giving it the deer viscera. They land safely, and she names her jalok "Rahna" which means killer.
As O-aa heads toward a ridge she is spotted by a cave man with his own jalok. (We learn that O-aa is a blonde.) The man confronts her. He is the brother of the man whose possessions she has appropriated. She explains what happened, and he believes her because the jalok would have killed her had she killed his brother. The man is Utan of the Zurts. He tells his jalok she is a friend, "Padang." They go to his village.
Hodon and Dian have just decided to give up looking for O-aa when they spot the sail of a big ship. When Utan and O-aa arrive at the village, O-aa asserts her independence and lies about her 11 brothers and great father as usual. Utan tells them she is on a journey home to Kali across the Terrible Mountains. Zurk, the king's son likes her, but she calls him "bowlegs" and makes a dangerous enemy. She is instructed to sleep in one of their houses on posts without her jalok. Ah-gilak is being blown back and forth over the sea by changing winds.
The Lo-har and John Tyler meet, and Ah-gilak brings them up to date on David and O-aa. Hodon puts Raj in charge of the John Tyler, and they start looking for the island. The Mezops need Ah-gilak to teach them the ropes on the clipper. He agrees to do this because they threaten to throw him overboard. Ah-gilak tries to cause dissension by raising race prejudice in the red Mezops. (ERB calls this "a Communist technique.") The cave men are bored with the idea. They want to throw him overboard again.
O-aa goes hunting with Rahna and Zurk, son of Jah the chief, follows. He tries to kill O-aa with an arrow, and when he misses, she shoots him in the shoulder with one of her own. Zurk says "Rah!" to his jalok, pointing to the fleeing O-aa. It means "kill!" The John Tyler is caught in a storm as it nears O-aa's island. Hodon is washed overboard and safely shore. He heads northeast toward Kali.
Zurk pulls the arrow out of his shoulder. Rahna sees the jalok heading for O-aa. Hodon comes upon the wounded Zurk. He tends his wound and carries him back to his village. (He is under the influence of a "Brotherhood of Man" idea planted by Abner in the Sarians.) Hodon is put under guard, for they suspect he has wounded Zurk. (So much for the Brotherhood of Man.) Hodon learns from Hala that O-aa is there but out hunting. Rahna kills Zurk's jalok. She tends his wounds and feeds him; then they sleep together.
Dian thinks Hodon is dead so they head back to Sari. David, Perry, and Ghak and the 200 Sarians are blocked by the Terrible Mountains (formidable as the Himalayas) so they go back. They meet Ja and the Mezops and go together toward the Lidi Plains and the Land of the Awful Shadow. Zurk survives and tells the truth of what happened! Jah helps Hodon search for O-aa. O-aa and Rhana are threatened by a tarag (tiger). She climbs a tree, and Rahna runs away. The tiger is harassed by Rahna when it returns to the tree, but the beast begins to climb toward O-aa. Hodon and Utan come in time to save O-aa. She weeps and embraces Hodon.
Jah's 20 warriors take O-aa and Hodon to the Terrible Mountains. They go the wrong way and meet David and his party. They walk 2500 miles to Sari. Dian is there to greet them. Ah-gilak and Gamba are there but unhappy. Abner Perry is inventing a submarine.