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ERB Summary Project


ERB's original names, followed by Lansdale's changes

Numa, the lion

Tarzan = the Big Bwana

Gromovitch, Igor - white villain - spelling changed to Gromvitch

Blomberg - white villain - changed to Cannon

Jones, Woodrow Wilson - Negro villain - Woodrow dropped

Eugene Hanson, Ph.D.. - a husky, American archaeologist - changed to anthropologist

Jean Hanson - Eugene Hanson's daughter

Brown, Franklin D. Roosevelt - Negro villain - changed to Charles Talent

Jad-bal-ja - Tarzan's trained lion

Zu-yad - King of ape tribe

Go-lot - young bull ape in Zu-yad's tribe

Nkima - Tarzan's monkey friend

Hunt - big-game hunter - becomes Tarzan sidekick, changed to Hanson's

assistant at the U.

Small, Hi - Hunt's guide - joins villains, changed to a talented black student of Hanson

Tommy - English-speaking native

Kovandi, chief of the Mburis - cannibals - changed to Kurvandi, King of Ur

Nyama - young girl who befriends Jean at Mburi village

Nagula - Kovandi's first wife

Characters in Lansdale version only:

Billy - askari

Professor Barrett - Hanson's professor

the Urs - warriors from Ur

Gerooma & Meredonleni - two guards of Ur

Ebopa aka The Stick That Walks, beast from Pellucidar

Miltoon - servant at Ur

Jeda - woman warrior of Ur

The Lost Adventure

ERB and Joe Lansdale

Summarized by
David A. Adams

A Summary & Comparison

Chapter One - manuscript pages 1-5

Tarzan kills an old, man-eating lion with his knife. After five years in the RAF, Tarzan of the Apes had returned to his jungle. He catches the scent spoor of white men and comes upon a poor safari of 4 men: 2 whites and 2 Negroes with their few carriers and 2 askaris. Each of the 4 bwanas wears some item of military uniform, so Tarzan deduces they are deserters. They have no ivory, so he leaves without contact.

The evil 4 accost a smaller safari of Eugene Hanson, Ph.D., and his daughter Jean. The bad whites are Gromovitch, a Russian and Blomberg. The Negroes are Woodrow Wilson Jones and an unnamed man. Gromovitch makes a pass a Jean, and her dad drops him with a punch. They take the Hanson food, guns and bearers.

Chapter One - Lansdale version

Tarzan is stalked by an old lion who has turned man-eater, but he kills it in his usual way with a knife, even dropping his bow and arrows to employ this risky method.

He is following signs of a safari and finds 4 men: two white and two black, deserters from the French Foreign Legion with 12 natives. Tarzan looks at them and leaves, seeing no signs of ivory poaching.

The deserters discuss attacking a man and a women they have met earlier. Wilson Jones, one of the black men is the leader, an ex-boxer with some conscience. He agrees that they need ammunition and that the two should be killed. The two whites, Gromvitch and Cannon want to rape the girl too, but Wilson makes Gromvitch stay behind as they go to do the villainy.

Mistaken, they are attacked and Cannon is slapped by Jean when he tries to grab her. Hanson goes to her rescue with a great, single punch and is nearly shot by Cannon, but Wilson prevents the murder. They take everything but a little food and water and leave them to the jungle.


Wilson Jones - black man, an ex-boxer with a battered face, but with some conscience - leader of the deserters

Gromvitch - a bully

Cannon - a fat, lusty white man

Charles Talent - black man - tall and lean, beaten by his father as a boy, who finally killed the old man. Has killed many men since - with pleasure.

Eugene Hanson, Ph.D. University of Texas, a trim, husky 40-year-old and his daughter, Jean, are on a photographic/anthropological expedition in the jungle, especially seeking the mangani - manlike apes. They are traveling to the ancient black kingdom of Ur. They have 4 askaris and bearers. Earlier they were startled by the deserters but think they are headed away from them.

Chapter Two - manuscript pages 5-10

Two days later the weak, starving Hansons are found by Tarzan. He hunts for them, killing an antelope, then a leopard (hunting the same Wappi) with his bow and arrows. He prepares a meal for the Hansons, then goes to recover their safari. Father and daughter sleep on a platform up in a tree while hyenas eat the entrails of the antelope. A lion comes.

Chapter 2 - Lansdale version differences

The Hansons know Hunt & Small ( who appear in the 5th chapter of the manuscript) They also take the place of a mysterious 4th. safari that ERB only mentions in his manuscript.) Jean thinks they are both incompetent, and Hunt was in love with her as a boy. They are out 4 days without food instead of 2 when Tarzan finds them. (His black hair is long and shaggy!) Tarzan sidesteps and throw the leopard instead of killing it. After he dresses the deer, he leaves his knife with Jean so she will have some protection as he goes to get their safari back.

Chapter Three - manuscript pages 10-14

Tarzan meets Jad-bal-ja, his trained, golden lion, in the jungle.

Gromovitch lashes the Hanson's porters with a whip. We learn the other Negro villain is named Franklin D. Roosevelt Brown. Tarzan and Jad arrive and demand the Hanson's safari back. Gromovitch threatens Tarzan with a pistol but is quickly disarmed while Jad attacks Blomberg. Jones and Brown run away.

Tarzan returns with the Hanson's men, making Gromovitch and Blomberg march with them for three hours (to prevent a rear attack) before letting them go back to their camp.

* * *

Great apes of the tribe of Zu-yad, the King watch the Hansons. Tarzan has been gone for a week. Go-lot, a young bull looks "longingly" at Jean. The apes attack!

Chapter Three - Lansdale version differences

Cannon lashes the porters (not Gromovitch) and he is the one who pulls a .45 on Tarzan and is quickly disarmed. Jad attacks Gromvich. The black villains also attack Tarzan (rather than running away in the ERB version) but he quickly employs Oriental fighting techniques. Talent's elbow & clavicle are broken, and he dies of shock. (Lansdale prefers to work with fewer characters than ERB.) The other villains are tied up. Tarzan and all the carriers & askaris head back to Hanson. Wilson, Cannon, & Gromvich are cut lose and told to get out of Africa. Tarzan leaves them no food or weapons ("do not cross my path again, or I will kill you") but Wilson has guns & food buried in the jungle. * * * The ape episode that follows is basically the same in action as the ERB version.

Chapter Four - pages 14-18

Go-lot kidnaps Jean: her dad follows them. Tarzan arrives with the Hanson's natives and reading the signs of the ape attack follows the spoor alone. he comes upon Hanson and orders him back to camp while he and Jad rescue Jean just as the apes are about to tear her apart (from rivalry over the prize). The apes scatter. Tarzan carries Jean through the trees back to her father and the rescued safari. He tells them about his life with animals.

Chapter Four - Lansdale version differences

Events start the same. One of the characters is named "Billy, an askari placed as head of Hanson's new safari. In the greatly expanded ape episode, Go-lot kidnaps Jean for a slave, then challenges Zu-yad's kingship, and in the ensuring battle Zu-yad is killed. Tarzan has to fight Go-lot for Jean and kills him with his knife, leaving the stunned tribe without a leader. (Lansdale eliminates two more of ERB's named characters.) The apes attack, and Tarzan, Jean, & Jad have to run for it. Back at Hanson's safari, Hanson is amazed that the "Tarzan legend" is true.

Chapter Five - pages 18-24

The cowardly villain blacks want to leave for the coast, but Gromovitch wants to "get" Tarzan. Just then another safari led by 2 whites arrive: Hunt, a big-game hunter and Hi Small, his guide. They camp nearby. Small gets chummy with Gromovitch, who finds out that Small knows the way of Ur, a city rich with gold. Gromovitch persuades Small to talk Hunt into going there.

* * *

Nkima, Tarzan's monkey friend arrives at the Hanson camp. Hanson explains to Tarzan that he is an archaeologist in search of a ruined city to the North. He is to meet another safari of friends coming down from that direction. They want no treasure, just scientific knowledge. Tarzan decides to help them. Hanson shows him a map indicating a city in a clearing of the dense forest near an extinct volcano. Jad meanwhile has left the camp.

Chapter Five - Lansdale version differences

Wilson & Cannon want to go after Tarzan to even the score. Gromvich wants to leave Africa. Lansdale used ERB's Blomberg as the man who told them about the lost city back at the Legion post, but Talent has already killed him. "Carved him like a turkey." * * * Tarzan does not like the idea of Hanson photographing the apes because hunters will come to kill them once their existence is proved. Jean tells Tarzan about their search for Ur, and he replies that he knows of the legend but had never seen the city in this part of the jungle. Hanson says that he knows of the city from a Professor Barrett who saw the city twice flying over it during the war. He wants to find Ur to vindicate Barrett's work, but the apes are his own pet project. He tells Tarzan about their planned meeting with Hunt, his assistant at the U., and Small, a talented student. (As mentioned above: The Hunt/Small party is used as the one ERB only mentioned as coming down from the north to meet Hanson!. Thus, they do not appear yet, as they did in chapter 5 of the original version.)

The Nkima episode is basically the same.

Chapter Six - pages 24-30

Gromovitch gives Hunt an ultimatum. He must go with the villains to find the gold city or lose his safari by force. Small tries to persuade Hunt to go along, and he reluctantly agrees when he sees that Small has already joined the evil four. They have plans to recapture the Hanson safari and get even with Tarzan. Blomberg explains the plan to Tommy, an English-speaking native from the Hunt safari. Tommy enlists Tarzan's help to save a Bwana Hunt treed by a lion while the villains wait in ambush. Jean thinks something is fishy about Tommy finding Tarzan so easily, but he has already gone to help. "I work alone." (Nkima is with him.) Tarzan is ambushed by almost a dozen men, struck unconscious on the head by a club wielded by Gromovitch, then bound and kicked by the same nasty character. Small, recognizing Tarzan, is afraid. He says that if they kill him they will never get out of Africa alive. The Waziri would eventually track them down. Gromovitch says he "ain't! afraid of a bunch of niggers." Hunt and his natives did not take part in this villainy. When Tarzan is brought to camp and bound to a tree to be left for the wild beasts, Hunt is appalled and wants to stay with him as they leave to attack the Hansons. He is forced at gun point to go with the villains as their prisoner.

Nkima goes for help and finds Jad-bal-ja. He rides the lion to the rescue. (Meanwhile, Hunt escapes from the villains and starts away at a trot). Gorgo the buffalo charges the bound Tarzan just as Jad bursts from the jungle. He has come to rescue "the man Jad-bal-ja loved."

Chapter Six - Lansdale version differences

Hunt & Small (a Negro in this version) are lost, circling for days. They run into the Wilson safari who quickly realize they are fools and take over their safari and map to Ur. Hunt gets several nasty blows to the head with Wilson's pistol and finds out that they are planning to meet Hanson. Hunt & Small are prisoners, made to carry supplies. When they come across signs of Hanson's party, Wilson & Cannon take the "two city boys" to the camp, leaving Gromvich behind to guard the jumpy carriers. His plan is to kill Tarzan & Hanson from ambush and give Jean to Cannon and Gromvich to keep them happy.

Wilson comes downwind of Tarzan hunting and grazes him with a shot. Tarzan's last second arrow goes down the barrel of the rifle. Unconscious, Tarzan is tied to a tree and left to die as wetted leather strips dry around his neck. By late afternoon, he has freed his ankles when Gorgo the buffalo gets his scent and charges!

Chapter Seven - pages 30-36

Hanson and Jean safari to the North looking for Tarzan but take the wrong trail. Jad-bal-ja kills the buffalo threatening Tarzan and proceeds to eat it. Hunt comes upon Tarzan and is treed by Jad. Tarzan accuses him of sending the native to lead him into a trap. Hunt explains how his safari was taken over. Hunt is afraid of Jad, but comes down from the tree and cuts Tarzan free.

Gromovitch wants to recapture the Hansons and kill them, but Small says they can be sold to cannibals in a ruined city to the north. They think they can get the Hansons at the lost city since they are headed in the same direction.

The Hansons are lost, heading northeast.

Tarzan, Hunt, and Nkima headed for the Hanson camp. Jad remains behind, eating his kill. Tarzan senses a tornado coming and wants to get ou!t of the forest where many trees will fall. In the terrible storm, they find a cave for shelter.

Chapter Seven - Lansdale version differences

Rather than being saved by Jad-bal-ja, Tarzan at the last second wraps his legs around the buffalo's horns and breaks its neck. When Jad arrives with Nkima riding him like a jockey, Tarzan tells his lion to bite the cord around his neck, and he is released. Tarzan & Jad feed on the buffalo, then head for the Hanson party, which he senses is the same direction Wilson is going.

It begins to rain. Hunt and Small escape from the Wilson party in the darkness. Wilson & Cannon follow, and almost recapture Small but miss him in the brush even as a python crawls over his legs. They shoot the python, then head for the Hansons, still talking about what they want to do with the girl.

Chapter Eight - pages 36-42

Jean discovers (by compass) they are going in the wrong direction. A tornado forces them to lay in the trai mud all night. In the morning, they camp and dry off.

The Gromovitch safari also suffers in the storm. Gromovitch takes it out on the natives with his whip. Small interferes but is knocked to the ground. Small goes for his gun but is disarmed by the others.

Hunt wakes Tarzan when he sees a lion with a scraggly mane. Tarzan sends Hunt to a tree and Nkima scampers high as well. Tarzan meets the charge of the lion with a short spear then leaps on its back, killing it, giving the victory cry of the bull ape. Hunt is unnerved by Tarzan's savage cry, though he stood by Tarzan during the battle. Nkima beats the dead lion with his little fists. Hunt, striped to shorts, shoes & socks to dry out, Tarzan warns him about sunburn. They find the deserted Hanson camp but follow north on their planned route.

Chapter Eight - Lansdale version differences

Hunt comes upon Tarzan in the darkness and is knocked down by a buffalo leg Tarzan is carrying for food and to use as a crude weapon. Tarzan asks Jad to find shelter from a fast approaching tornado. Tarzan, Hunt, and Nkima follow Jad to the cave, but Tarzan has to knock out Hunt (partly to stop his incessant jabbering) and partly to carry him since he couldnt keep up with the pace. Tarzan leaves Hunt with Jad to go exploring deeper into the cave of black glass covered with phosphorescent goo. (So far, Hunt is basically painted as a weak, coward rather than the brave companion ERB had in mind for this character.)

Chapter Nine - pages 42-47

The Hansons rest all day, then take up the trail the next morning much refreshed and at great speed. They run right into the Gromovitch safari, and not wanting to be captured again, Hanson fires at Gromovitch but hits a native. Hanson is wounded by a .45 in the gun battle, and Jean gives up. Gromovitch is about to strike Jean but is prevented by Jones. Gromovitch calls him a nigger but gets a slap across the face for his effrontery. Jean is amazed that the Negroes defend her instead of the white men. And it is Brown who helps her fix up her father's wound - "only a flesh wound." Hanson thanks Jones for defending his daughter. Jones explains how they got President's names by shaking dice for them. They took aliases to avoid detection after jumping ship in Tunis. They were stewards on a U.S. transport and just got tired of traveling around. (Their last names were changed as well.) They explain they are helping them because they are all Americans.

Chapter Nine - Lansdale version differences

- this is the point that Lansdale begins to turns away from ERB to develop an ending for the story.

[What Tarzan finds in the cave - this is all Lansdale.]

The cave is lined with skulls marked with designs of a praying mantis in red ocher and charcoal. Each skull had holes at the top of the cranium. There are also piles of petrified arm, leg, and rib bones with piles of bronze knives. Tarzan muses about the encroachment of civilization into his Africa and his eventual return to Pellucidar forever with Jane.

Small sleeps the storm out under a stack of fallen trees.

Cannon is wounded in the arm by a flying splinter, and he and Wilson hunker down until the storm is over.

Back at camp, Gromvich has half his teeth knocked out by a flying table, and all but two bearers desert into the jungle.

Hanson, Jean, & Billy batten down their supplies under a flattened tent and run for low ground.

Chapter Ten - pages 48-54

Tarzan, with Nkima, leaves Hunt to look for the Hansons. On the second day following Tarzan, Hunt comes upon a lion and prepares to fight it. Tarzan arrives and kills the lion with his spear and arrows. Tarzan reveals that the Hansons are 4 or 5 days ahead. Tarzan hunts for supper.

Gromovitch is well-supplied with 3 safaris: his, Hunt's and the Hansons'. He also realizes things are not well with his men. He plans to murder Small, Jones, and Brown after they get the gold from the ruined city. Blomberg is on his hit list once they leave Africa. They are spotted unawares by a savage with filed teeth. Gromovitch soon declares he is the sole leader of the safari. Ohers disagree. Small gleefully notes the squabbling. Blomberg suggests a vote among comrades, but Gromovitch, wants the fraternizing with the bourgeois Hansons stopped by liquidating them, but loses 4 votes to his 1. Meanwhile a long column of 100 painted savages move toward their camp. They are cannibal Mburis, led by Kovandi.

Chapter Ten: Lansdale

(The events of the tornado, which ERB covers in chapters 7 and 8 are expanded by Lansdale in his chapters 8, 9, and 10.)

The Hanson safari weathers the tornado, then crawl under the low slung tents overnight. In the morning Billy persuades them to move on in case the bad men come back. He assures them (especially Jean) that Tarzan can find them no matter where they go.

In the camp of the renegades, Wilson and Cannon find a headless Gromvich. Cannon pries out his gold teeth with a knife. Wilson suggests they bury him, but Cannon says he doesn't deserve it. Wilson realizes the time will come when he must kill Cannon or Cannon will kill him.

Chapter Eleven - pages 55-62

Waiting for Tarzan to return with supper, Hunt decides to learn how to travel through the trees like the ape-man. He falls but his belt holds him upside down from a branch. Monkeys come and throw nuts & fruit at him. When Tarzan gets back, he helps him up by lowering his rope from above. Tarzan explains that his skill was learned over a lifetime and by being raised by apes. They eat the deer Tarzan has brought. Tomorrow they will start out after the Hansons.


The Gromovitch safari is surrounded by night by the cannibals. A raiding party captures Jean from her tent and six porters (for meat) and they fade into the jungle. During the confusion, Hanson discovers his daughter is missing and plans a rescue with Jones, Brown, and several of the better boys of his former safari. Small, who knows the area, says that the Mburis' village is to the East of them at a short distance. Gromovitch is angry that Hanson and his natives are armed but fears Jones. Small takes him aside and suggests that he will be rid of Hanson and the "two smokes" since they will be surely killed by the cannibals. Hanson realizes the futility of attacking a large group of cannibals and asks Small how to contact British authorities. Small lies that there is a resident commissioner and the King's African Rifles station due East. Hanson takes only his men and supplies for the journey, but even this angers Gromovitch. Yet, he fears Jones and Brown so much that! he just turns away. As planned, Jones & Brown go to the edge of the camp and say goodbye to Hanson. Since he is only going for help and not to fight, the black men will stay in camp to get their share of the gold. Gromovitch is furious.

Chapter Eleven: Lansdale

In the morning, Hunt sees the knives Tarzan found in the cave and being an anthropologist, he goes deeper into the cave to look for more. Nkima & Jad go out to hunt for food while Tarzan carries in brush to build a fire. "You're building a fire, Hunt said. "Nothing escapes you, does it? Tarzan said. "You don't have to be snide, Hunt said. Hunt strips down to dry his clothes while Tarzan prepares meat from the filthy, rancid buffalo leg. Tarzan tells Hunt to remain in the cave while he goes to find Hanson, Jean, and perhaps Small. Also, he states he is going to find Wilson and his companions and kill them outright, having made a mistake in not doing so when he had the chance. Hunt insists on going with Tarzan, and Tarzan agrees that "a man should do what he wants, even if it is stupid." Tarzan knows he will easily leave Hunt behind, so he gives him some pointers on food to eat, then leaps into a tree and disappears. Hunt tries to follow him through the !trees (episode from ERB's chapter 11) and gets hung up by his belt and pelted by fruit & nuts by monkeys. Hunt struggles loose and falls to the ground with only some scratches for his pains. Tarzan is long gone.

Small wakes in the morning and tries to dry his clothes. Seeing a panther, he runs off nearly naked.

The Hansons are attacked by warriors, and Jean & the porters are taken away. Billy and Hanson are left behind as dead.

Chapter Twelve: Lansdale

(This chapter on Hunt's adventures while trying to find Jean is a Lansdale expansion of ERB's text.)

Hunt makes a spear with one of the bronze knives and sets out to the north. He is met by a lion, but the beast is driven away by well-placed, flying fruit from Nkima and his monkey band. Hunt decides to go back to the cave, and there he finds a dead antelope, which he presumes that Jad has killed and left for him to eat. Looking for a flint to start a fire, Hunt goes deep into the cave and finds one in the mouth of a skull. He eats some half-cooked antelope then making a crude torch decides to explore the cave further. He sees drawings of a gigantic praying mantis on the wall, and eventually gets lost. Suddenly he falls into a pit.

Chapter 13: Lansdale

Tarzan goes to the tornado struck camp of the renegades and sees Gromvich's head decaying in a tree. He notices that teeth are missing and determines that the white man (Cannon) took them. He knows they will seek the Hansons again, so he follows them.

Small, wearing only his shoes and underwear eats a bird's egg and grubs. He falls asleep in a tree and dreams of seeing his own beating heart -- a shamanistic dream of his death. He has the inherited ability to sense his own death from African ancestors. (Small is black in Lansdale's version.)

The warriors lead Jean away down a wide, concrete roadway, then into a chariot drawn by zebras! They take her to the walled city of Ur (instead of the typical cannibal village in chapter 12 of ERB's version). The city is surrounded by a moat full of white crocodiles and entered across a medieval drawbridge. Jean sees murals of a humanoid praying mantis on the walls. Jean's captor strikes a caged, old woman, and Jean punches him out of the chariot. The architecture of Ur is described as Moorish, rococo, twisted genius. Jean is taken into the palace where she witnesses a mass beheading of black tribesmen and women, then they put her head on the block!

Chapter 12, pages 62- 66

Jean, along with the other captured natives, is taken to the cannibal village where they are mistreated until Kovandi, the chief, drives his bestial people away. Jean is put into a hut with a kinder, more comely young woman. (Here the phrase "had it not been for her filed teeth" is crossed out, making her even more comely.) Jean learns that the young girl is a prisoner too -- she was raised in a mission school and speaks English. Jean suggests that they escape together. Her name is Nyama. They watch as one of the captive carriers is "prepared" for supper by having his arms and legs broken with a heavy war club. Nyama thinks they are being kept alive to be wives of Kovandi, but he hesitates for fear of Nagula, his first wife. Nyama is a Christian but is still afraid of demons in the jungle, yet she agrees to try to escape with Jean.

Chapter 13, pages 66-71

Hanson travels south and east in search of Jean. Tarzan, Hunt, and Nkima move north alone Hanson's old trail. Gromovitch treks north in search of the golden hoard at Ur.

Jean and Nyama escape by night, knowing by dawn that Kavandi was on their trail. Hanson is only a quarter of a mile from Jean when Tarzan finds him. Tarzan informs him that there is not a British stations for a thousand miles. He introduces Hunt to Hanson as a friend.

Jean & Nyama hear voices, so they split up, hoping one of them may escape recapture by the cannibals.

Tarzan, Hanson & Hunt head for the Mburi village to rescue Jean. Hearing voices, Tarzan goes alone to accost the Mburis. They deny taking the white girl, and fearing that he might have the Waziri with him, go back to their village. Tarzan reports back to Hanson & Hunt, telling them he believes Jean has escaped since the Mburis were out searching for something. He plans to go to the village after dark and check for! himself.

Chapter 14, pages 71-76

Jean is attacked by a lion, but it is killed by Jad-bal-ja. Jad falls asleep at her feet, and she decides to sleep beside him. In the afternoon, she wakes and scratches his ear. Ant night, Jad leaves to hung, and Jean climbs a tree.

Tarzan enters the cannibal village alone, looking for Jean, while the others talk outside the palisade so the Mburis will think they are a large party of Waziris. He rescues four abducted warriors and puts the two "prepared meat" victims out of their misery with "a merciful slash of his keen blade." Tarzan learns that Jean has escaped with a slave named Nyama.

Chapter 15, pages 76-80

In the morning, Jean sets out north alone. Go-lot and his tribe accost Jean, but Jad-bal-ja returns and saves her from capture. Brown & Jones, out hunting, come upon Jean and Jad. She tells them not to shoot the lion, and he disappears into the jungle once again. The men think Jean might be a ghost, and she explains that Jad was Tarzan's lion. They tell her that her father has gone in search for her, but first to a British station, and she is relieved that he is safe with the soldiers. Jean decides to go with them back to the Gromovitch safari rather than depend on travel with Jad alone. Arriving, the white men seem actually happy to see her alive.

Chapter 16, pages 80-83

Tarzan, Hanson, and Hunt search for Jean for two days, then head north to overtake Gromovitch's safari, hoping she had managed to rejoin that party. Nyama is recaptured by two Mburi warriors, but Tarzan arrives to save her, killing one native and wounding another with his arrows. Nyama knows of Tarzan and explains that she and Jean separated. "I have not seen her since, and have no idea where she may be."

This is the end of the ERB manuscript.

Chapter 14: Lansdale

The situations so far:

Tarzan is seeking the 2 villains. Headed toward Hanson's camp, he plans to kill Wilson.

Jean, a captive in Ur is about to be beheaded.

Hanson (with Billy) has been left as dead by the cannibals.

Hunt has fallen into a pit in the cave.

Small is up a tree having an ancestral dream.

(All are separated at this point.)

Hunt lands on a ledge, as his torch falls below. Making a torch from his shirt, he sees a tunnel and gutters along the sides filled with oil, which he ignites to guide him onward.

Tarzan finds Small, and they go together to find Hanson.

Hanson and Billy are battered by the storm, but alive. Wilson finds them.

The woman who led Jean to the chopping block was just tormenting her; her head is not cut off.

Chapter 15: Lansdale

Hunt hears sounds in the tunnel and feels that something is tracking him.

Jad-bal-ja finds Hunt, and the thing with a strange scent moves away. They go through the tunnel together.

Jean is led on the end of a rope by a woman and given a tour of the rich city. They arrive at a bejeweled chamber where she sees two enormous jet-black lions on either side of a throne. Here Jean tries to kick the woman but is slapped across her mouth. Finally, she is thrown into a filthy dungeon, and something scuttles toward her.

Cannon tortures Billy and Hanson to find out where Jean and the rest of the safari have gone. They agree to show them the way to Ur.

Chapter 16: Lansdale

Tarzan picks up Jean's scent and that of strange men and concludes that she has been abducted. He leaves Small up a tree and goes ahead to investigate. Four warriors from Ur are behind Tarzan, and their scent is carried away by the wind. They discuss the sport in the arena to come that will involve The Stick That Walks, the Undying God of Ur. Tarzan finds the road to Ur and a stone with strange hieroglyphics showing the Seven Star Praying Mantis system of fighting he has learned from a former Shaolin priest. A warrior from Ur shoots an arrow at Tarzan, and he catches it and throws it back piercing his head through his eye. Then he quickly dispatches the three others, graphically described by Lansdale. He takes their weapons and rides a zebra down the road to Ur.

Small sees Wilson and Cannon coming through the jungle with Hanson and Billy just ahead of them. He decides to swing down heroically and surprise the villains.

Chapter 17: Lansdale

Small's misjudged swing knocks down Hanson, but it carries him to Cannon. Hanson and Billy obtain rifles and the upper hand. Small's throat is cut by Cannon, who escapes into the jungle. Night comes quickly. Billy goes after Cannon. Hanson holds his rifle on Wilson.

Jean meets Nyama in the dungeon. Nyama is a slave and former concubine of Kurvandi, the mad King of Ur. She speaks English learned from Christian missionaries who raised her, and tells Jean about the god of Ur, Ebopa, The Stick that Walks. Ebopa has come from the center of the earth and is trapped under the city. She speaks of Ur's history — older than Solomon — and once ruler of Africa. Inbreeding among the royalty has produced insanity.

Hunt (with Jad) cross a cavern chasm via a folding bridge. They head toward a stench.

Tarzan rides the zebra all the way to Ur, "Like the Emerald city of Oz." He kills the zebra and drinks its blood then makes a 10-foot rope from the hide. (Tarzan thinks he and Jane should move to the earth's core now that Africa has changed.) At night, Tarzan kills two sentries with arrows, Gerooma and Meredonleni, outside the walls of Ur. He swims the moat, armed with his knife and rope, gutting a gigantic, white crocodile on the way. Tarzan tops the wall but lands on a guard, who gives the alarm. He kills many, but is captured by sheer mass of numbers.

Chapter 18: Lansdale

Hunt notes the rotting timbers holding up the cavern. Soon it should cave in. He and Jad are being stalked by something, and they come to a dead end. He and Jad climb up through a hole, barely escaping the gigantic praying mantis. It sees them on the ledge above, and their torch goes out.

The bound Wilson is guarded by Hanson all night. He aches from his torture wounds and the desire to kill both Wilson and Cannon. These two evil men were responsible for all their troubles and suffering. Small is dead and Jean is lost. Hanson makes Wilson give up his pants and shirt for Small's "burial" in a tree.

Cannon manages to get the rifle away from Billy, but he reverses the situation and hangs Cannon to death with a rope made from vines. In the morning he heads back to Hanson. Wilson is the only remaining villain.

When Billy returns with the news of Cannon's death, Wilson says he "never liked the sonofabitch nohow."

Chapter 19: Lansdale

Kurvandi is anxious to see Tarzan fighting Ebopa in the arena. He bathes in the fresh blood of sacrifices and drowns a slave girl in the tub when she resists his advances.

Tarzan has been put into the same cell as Jean and Nyama. Nyama thinks he is doomed to fight Ebopa, and Tarzan reflects that the stick creature must be from Pellucidar. Tarzan breaks off his chains and wraps them around his hand for a weapon. Nkima arrives at Ur to help Tarzan but falls into the moat after cleverly running across crocodile bodies to get across.

Chapter 20: Lansdale

Billy and Hanson bury Small, then drive Wilson ahead at gunpoint, guessing the way to Ur. They find the warriors Tarzan killed, and finding zebras, ride them to Ur.

Kurvandi puts fruit on the head of a servant (Miltoon) to shoot it with an arrow, but kills him instead. Accompanied by two black lions, Kurvandi goes to the arena to see Tarzan killed.

When the cell door is opened, Tarzan kills four guards with his chains and another with a dropped spear. One escapes to raise the alarm. The woman arm themselves with spears. Tarzan keeps the chain, but picks up a spear and a short sword, heading for the stairway.

Nkima escapes the crocodile. He goes into Ur in search of Tarzan.

Tarzan, Jean, and Nyama fight warriors preventing their escape. Driven into a tunnel a gate is dropped. The only way out is through the arena. Archers demand Jean fight Jeda in the arena. Tarzan wants to rush them, but Jean says she will fight since they killed her father and Billy.

Meanwhile, Ebopa pursues Hunt and Jad-bal-ja down the tunnel, but they see light ahead!

Chapter 21: Lansdale

Hunt climbs a shaft, but Jad cannot follow so must face Ebopa alone. Jean battles Jeda in the arena. Jeda, plans to kill her slowly. Jad leaps on Ebopa's head and is forced upward into the shaft, pushing Hunt ahead of them. The shaft ends behind the arena throne, so Kurvandi is terrified when he see Ebopa appear behind him! Jeda turns at Kurvandi's scream, which gives Jean the chance to twist a knife into her eye. Meanwhile, Tarzan climbs the wall into Kurvandi's box and finds Jad along with the two black lions fighting Ebopa. He lowers a flagpole to Nyama and brings her up to the box, then they jump into the area to be with Jean. Angry warriors follow them. Ebopa throws Jad into Kurvandi's lap, the lion crushes his skull. Jad gets into a fight with a black lion, and Ebopa turns to Hunt, who drops into the area by the others. Ebopa follows. The warriors pursuing Tarzan and the woman run for their lives. Tarzan tells Hunt to look behind just as Ebopa leaps!

Chapter 22: Lansdale

Using the flagpole as a pole vault, Tarzan lands on Ebopa's head. He is thrown off, and recognizes the mantis style of movements from the stone carvings. Tarzan mimics the monster's movements, then trips it up with his chain.

Jad kills a black lion and is too wounded to help Tarzan. Nkima strokes the lion's head and shares a Burroughsian joke: "I would like to eat you," growled the lion. "You cannot, for I am Nkima, and I am much too fast."

Hanson, Billy, and Wilson arrive at Ur and hear the roar of the crowd. They hobble the zebras and go in search of Jean. * * * Tarzan has confused and hurt Ebopa. He continues his attack with the chain, and Ebopa runs into the stands and begins killing the Urs. Tarzan pole vaunts up to Jad and binds his wounds with strips of Kurvandi's clothing.

Hanson, Billy, and Wilson watch as all the citizens of Ur pour across the drawbridge in a panic.

Tarzan pulls Nyama, Jean, and Hunt up to the box and they c!arry Jad to safety on Kurvandi's litter, as Tarzan follows Ebopa. In their panic, the Urs accidentally set their city on fire, but Nyama leads them out in safety.

Wilson taunts Hanson that his daughter is in the burning city and gets knocked to the ground. Wilson and Hanson have a boxing match, which Hanson wins due to his training as a boxer.

Tarzan follows Ebopa down a tunnel to put him out of his misery. He lights the oil in the troughs along the wall with a spark from clashing his chains together. When he comes upon Ebopa and his/her egg he realized that Ebopa has impregnated itself and has been a series of gods to the Urs. Ebopa dies just as the egg begins to hatch and just as the cavern caves in on Tarzan.

Chapter 23: Lansdale

Burning Ur itself falls into a gigantic hole in the ground with an explosion. The Urs disperse into the jungle. Hunt, Jean, and Nyama run up to Hanson, "Thank the Lord." Billy and Nyama fall in love. Jean says, "Let's go home and forget Ur." In the month it takes them to get to the coast, Jean and Hunt fall in love. Wilson gets turned over to the authorities. Jad is well, and the day before they arrive at civilization, he and Nkima disappear into the jungle. They never saw Tarzan, Nkima, or Jad-bal-ja again. (Not that they bothered to waste one minute looking for Tarzan at Ur.) Tarzan can't get up to the surface again, but he can go down to Pellucidar. He follows Ebopa's offspring as it heads to is source. Tarzan thinks of Jane for one second and promptly forgets her, "such thought were useless and distracting." He is headed toward a place "where his kind were timeless and forever king."


Some Remarks on Tarzan: The Lost Adventure

A Comparison of the ERB and Lansdale Versions:

by David A. Adams

The ERB Fragment

There is much to admire about this fragment, which is rather more than an incomplete beginning of a novel. As it stands, it might take on the appearance of one of Michelangelo's so-called incomplete statues made at the end of his life. The people seem to be pushing their way out of the stone to be, yet the very restraint of the naked stone that holds them fast gives the work its uncommon power. Who would ever think of finishing one of Michelangelo's statues by carving away the useless stone? Yet, this is what Lansdale chose to do.

It may seem to make sense to reduce ERB's confusing weaving of four safaris into two opposing ones in the Lansdale version, yet it is this very elaborate twisting and turning of threads which marks ERB's literary style. Symbolically, ERB was dealing with psychological wholes in his gathering of groups of four.

There is the quartet of villains: two white men, who are evil Russians, Gromovitch and Blomberg, and two black men, Brown and Jones, Americans who turn out to be decent men at the core. It is not that Burroughs had never placed these types in his stories before. Indeed these are familiar types. Yet, there is something new in the way the black men take control of the situation. They are poor, uneducated, men from the American south, who speak a typical Negro slang, think Jean is a ghost, etc. yet they are truly noble men who stand by Jean because she is a fellow American. It is clear that Burroughs is making a very positive statement about blacks in this story, one that seems stronger than any he had written before.

Tarzan moves with power and grace, and so does Jad-bal-ja, who acts almost like an alter-ego his role is so prominent and profound. Jad moves in and out of the story -- off presumably to hunt as a lion would do -- and yet his role is large in the rescue at the last moment area, so Tarzan can be in another part of the jungle doing his own thing of saving and guiding other characters. Jean develops a close relationship with Jad, even spending a night sleeping with him and scratching his ear, perhaps recalling Thuvia's control over Barsoomian lions or Dian and her friendly tigers in Savage Pellucidar. ERB's leading women, even the evil ones, were often in league with large cats.

Tarzan moves in the trio of himself, Jad-bal-ja, and Nkima. The incomplete member of his family is Jane, but this is a common situation in the Tarzan stories. Tarzan usually picks up a sidekick to balance the quartet, which was his method in the use of Hunt.

I suppose the most appealing thing to me about this torso is the fact that it is unfinished and thus rather modern in tone. The lost city of Ur remains a promised goal to the north which they never attain. While not as intentionally symbolic as say Kafka's The Castle, the distant, unattained goal somehow seems a fitting end to ERB's Tarzan stories rather than a finished product in a glossy wrap.

Knowing what Burroughs wrote and did not write in the Lansdale version is extremely important in talking about late ERB, which is why I made this summary. I always had my doubts about Ebopa, and now I know -- Burroughs didn't end his last Tarzan story with a giant bug. And Pellucidar didn't swallow the King of the Jungle. As every schoolboy knows, Tarzan is still out there in his Africa and the age he lives in is the one you once shared so long, long ago.

The Lansdale Version

One might naturally assume that Lansdale's version was an attempt to finish the ERB fragment, however, he altered the story from the start. ERB's parameters were changed from the beginning, and thus we have something quite different than a simple completion of ERB's tale. One might think of it as a set of variations based upon various themes by ERB -- in other words, a pastiche.

There is nothing wrong with what Lansdale did, as long as we see it for what it actually is. One should not think of the ERB fragment as being completed once and for all. This is but the Lansdale version (and vision) of an intriguing lost and last Tarzan story.

Lansdale's hard-edged Tarzan is presented in a much more graphic way, as are the cruelties of the villains, than ERB would have allowed. It is quite a gory tale.

Tarzan muses about the passing of his old Africa and a desire to retreat down to Pellucidar. There is a sense of this being his last adventure as well as a lost one. Tarzan's ego is shaken by his failure to always protect those under his care. He seems to be trying to recover a past glory and sometimes second guesses his actions in an uncharacteristic way.

Lansdale sees Tarzan drawn toward the earth's center. ERB himself spun Tarzan down to Pellucidar and through an exploration a variety of lost cities on earth in a seemingly unending quest. ERB did not indicate that he would have his Tarzan retreat forever into Pellucidar, rather, in the last novels, he was spending more time with real world events such as WW II and contemporary happenings in Africa and elsewhere. This is not to say that ERB would not have had Tarzan return for adventures in Pellucidar, but definitely not as Lansdale suggests: "He allowed himself to think momentarily of Jane, and then he thought of her no more." This seems extremely out of character. Above everything else, ERB and Tarzan were diehard romantics, and you can be sure that even if Tarzan went to Pellucidar in this "final adventure" he would be back again!

I don't see Jean as well developed as a character as Burroughs surely would have. His women characters were always critically important to the story. Jean never really develops a relationship with Nyama, which ERB accomplished in the native village -- an episode deleted by Lansdale. At the end, it is Jean who coldly says, "Well, let's go home!" after Tarzan has given everything including his life to save her. No days of searching around the destruction of Ur. No remorse, not even one tear was shed. Billy and Nyama fall for each other at first sight, so they forget Tarzan just as quickly.

What was the point of this story? I'm not entirely sure. Lansdale uses all of his very considerable graphic descriptive powers in the scenes of violence. He may have been thinking of a possible movie script for all the slam-slash action he puts on the page.

The boxing match at the walls of Ur with all the people pouring out seems a bit ridiculous. Given his former penchant for violent scenes, it might have been better if Wilson had fallen into the moat with the crocodiles, or if Hanson had finally worked himself into enough rage to kill him himself. As it is, bringing this one villain all the way back for a trial seems rather silly when buckets of blood have already been spilt, and. a whole city is allowed to sink into the earth.

Perhaps someone else will take up the Burroughs fragment and complete the story with a version which remains true to ERB's original vision.

D.A. Adams

January 2005