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Caspak Glossary

CASPAK GLOSSARY

David Bruce Bozarth

CAPRONA

Caprona — a mysterious barrier-walled island in the deep south Pacific where a small band of involuntary explorers encounter the most unusual theory of evolution ever advanced in the world of pulp fiction. Edgar Rice Burroughs serialized The Land That Time Forgot from 1916 to 1917 at a time when Europe was in the throes of war. The three separate parts of The Land That Time Forgot can be viewed from several vantage points. First, it is an Edgar Rice Burroughs adventure romance—three times over—but it is also an exploration of imaginative world creating and scientific supposition within a modern world concept and, lastly, as a politicial commentary regarding the combatants of the First World War.

Burroughs opens the story with the story in a bottle framing device . . . not his by originality, but one well-suited to this work. The transcript of Bowen Tyler, American, is found off the coast of Greenland and there begins the tale.

The reader is immediately drawn into a series of extraordinary events following the torpedoing of an American passenger ship headed across the Atlantic. Surviving the submarine attack is Bowen Tyler, son of a ship builder in California, his airedale Prince Nobs, and Lys La Rue, a young woman. They are eventually picked up by a British tugboat.

The tugboat is attacked by the submarine and, in a startling turnabout, the Englishmen and Tyler manage to take over the submarine. Attempts to enter British waters are met by warships which fire shells, forcing the U-33 to seek harbor elsewhere. Through sabotage, mischance, betrayal, and misdirection, the control of the submarine changes hands several times and, in the process, has been set on a course that takes the U-33 deep into the southern Pacific. They have travelled far enough to the south to encounter icebergs.

The company's situation is desperate—they are low on food and fuel—and they have discovered the submarine's fresh water has been poisoned. Yet, almost immediately, they site a large island mass rising above the mist-cloaked waters. Making for the island, which does not appear on any modern maps, supposition is raised that it is the island of Caprona, named for an early navigator who remarked on the curious island of cliffs where the compass always pointed to the island.

Omnibus edition, St.John cover

The submarine circles Caprona, but no egress through the 1,200 foot cliffs is found; only one small beach is located and upon it, badly decomposed, is a human-like or ape-like body. Continuing the circumnavigation, a broad current of warm, stagnant fresh water, with vegetation debris floating upon it, is discovered. Seeking the source, Bowen Tyler determines it must be the outflow of a subterannean river traversing the cliff wall from the island's interior.

Taking advantage of the submarine's special capabilities, Tyler takes the U-33 below the surface and successfully navigates the tunnel. When the ship surfaces into daylight, they are stunned at the vistas surrounding. Rank jungle growth of immense size and variety, and an equally incomprehensible profusion of life, rise on every side. The great river teems with fish and animal life—animal life that soon proves to be dangerous.

This, then, is how our group of adventurers arrived in Caprona and is where I cease to paraphrase ERB's exciting work. You will have to read The Land That Time Forgot to find out what happens to the members of the U-33, as this work is not about them specificially, but is about the world and science that ERB used to breathe life into his wonderous world of Caspak.

CASPAK

Caspak, as the natives of Caprona call their land, is approximately 110 miles wide by 135 miles long, roughly oval in shape. It is described as the vast cauldera of an ancient volcano of monstrous proportions. The equatorial temperatures enjoyed by the island's inhabitants is likely the result of continual geo-thermal activity as there are many hotsprings. Water temperatures of the great river, approximately 65 miles in length, are warmer than normal. The central part of the island is a vast body of water—an inland sea—with small islands at the southern extreme and a much larger island in the northern waters.

Completely ringing the island of Caprona are barrier cliffs rising almost perpendicularly from the waters of the Pacific. On the interior side, however, the land slopes down fairly rapidly. Only in a few places are the interior cliffs as forboding as those of the exterior.

In general, the southern half of the island is tropical in nature. Thickly tangled growths similar to rain forest, broken by sections of marsh wetlands, dominate the landscape. Giant ferns the size of trees rub shoulders with plants not seen in the greater world since the age of the dinosaurs. Moving northward a score of miles, the terrain and flora change to that one expects in temperate climes: familiar species of trees, grassy open spaces, and small streams. Further north the land has sections of forest growth, but for the most part is open plains. At the northern extremity of Caprona the land is cooler in temperature, more mountainous, yet quite agreeable for the most part.

Caprona, then, exhibits all the climates of terrestrial earth within an enclosed area. This condensed ecological system allowed ERB to present an astonishing variety of plants and animals to the members of the U-33 and it played a crucial part in the more fascinating aspects of this land that time forgot.

ECOLOGY

The ecology of Caspak is as diverse as every age of the earth. Plants and animals familiar to our erstwhile adventurers is noted, and some hunted for food, but in addition to those is a cross-section of prehistoric life, most notably the giant reptiles of the age of dinosaurs. For every deer, bison, bird or cat, there are pleisosaurs, diplodicus, allosaurs and Tyrannosaurus Rex! Giant aurochs (bison) are hunted by hyenadons (extinct canines of formidiable size). Pterodactyls soaring through the skies are a threat to all—indeed, one of the German crew members is taken by one.

The dinosaurs and more primitive creatures of anicent earth tend to be found at the southern end of Caprona. Moving northward is like moving through the ages of prehistory: Reptiles south, early mammals slightly north, giant mammals, such as Mastodons and giant sloths further north, and more recent mammals from there to the northern edge of the island.

Herd animals, including horses, are the giant predators' usual prey. Sabertooth cats, hyenadons, lions—all are necessary to contain the explosive populations of animals within Caprona's barrier cliffs. Fodder for the herd animals is equally abundant. It is the sheer profusion of life that makes the most indelible mark upon the members of the U-33.

Forests of oaks, firs, and pines, are found everywhere, as well as flowering plants of all shapes and varieties. Mosses and vines are predominate secondary growths. The many grasses hold the soil in place.

Insects of every kind are found, the largest of which is a giant dragonfly with a two-foot wingspan.

Every river, stream or body of water contains aquatic life. The fishes are of all sizes, though the largest are in the inland sea or the giant river.

Though not specifically mentioned in the texts, one can assume that rainfall is significant for two reasons: the many streams, the giant river and the freshwater inland sea, and the surrounding moisture in the mist-laden waters of the frigid Pacific rising over the temperate to jungle temperatures of the inner island.

THE HOMINDS

Caspak is not without primates. At the southern end of the island one finds many apes, most likely chimpanzees and gorillas, but as we move north we find other hominds bearing resemblence to all species of ape, ape-like, pre-human, and human known to have existed on earth.

This progressive presentation of evolutionary stages is the basic permise of The Land That Time Forgot. In this section I will discuss the hominds, reserving the examination of the evolutionary theory until later.

The ape and human stages described by ERB fall into 6 distinct categories. They are:

Readers of this Caspak Glossary must bear in mind what is presented is from the books written by Edgar Rice Burroughs. One will do well to remember that these stories were written in 1916-1917. The science, names of prehistoric creatures, etc., date from that time period. No attempt has been made to reconcile Burroughs' Caspak evolution with present day science.

Alu

Bo-lu

Sto-lu

Band-lu

Kro-lu

Galu

The Alus represent the lowest form of humanity on the island. Bowen Tyler's group was forced to drive off mass attacks by the alus on several ocassions. We did not learn moer about the alus until Tom Billings described them thusly in The People That Time Forgot:

...people with no language, no weapons; They were entirely naked. Their bodies were covered with hair, and though they stood upon their feet without touching their hands to the ground, they had a very ape-like appearance, since they stooped forward and had very long arms and quite apish features. They were not pretty to look upon with their close-set eyes, flat noses, long upper lips and protruding yellow fangs.

The Bo-lu are the next highest form of humanity. Their distinguishing characteristic is the use of a club for a weapon. The men are bearded, but the women are not.

The Sto-lu are known as the hatchet people. The men have sparse beards and are evolutionary placed between Neanderthal and Grimaldi.

Their features were distinctly negroid, though their skins were white. A considerable portion of both torso and limbs were covered with short hair, and their physical proportions were in many aspects apelike, though not so much so as were Ahm's. They carried themselves in a more erect position, although their arms were considerably longer than those of the Neanderthal man. As I watched them, I saw that they possessed a language, that they had knowledge of fire and that they carried besides the wooden club of Ahm, a thing which resembled a crude stone hatchet. Evidently they were very low in the scale of humanity, but they were a step upward from those I had previously seen in Caspak; vocabulary consists of words of one syllable.

The Band-lu know how to make and use spears. Billings notes that the Band-lu "were a higher type...a taller people, too, with better-shaped skulls and more intelligent faces." Billlings placed the Band-lu, whose vocabulary consisted of words with two syllables, analogous to the Cro-Magnons of the Upper Paleolithic. He noted that the females had better developed breasts and were relatively hairless and that no beards graced the faces of the males.

There were less of the ape characteristics about their features, and less of the negroid, too. They carried weapons, stone-shod spears, stone knives, and hatchets— and they wore ornaments and breech-cloths—the former of feathers worn in their hair and the latter made of a single snake-skin cured with the head on, the head depending to their knees.

The bow people, or the Kro-lu, used archery, made vessels to prepare food, built shelters, and domesticated some forms of animal life, cows and goats in particular were raised for milk and cheese and were guarded by wolf-like dogs.

Billings described a Kro-lu village thusly:

—a large palisaded enclosure of several hundred leaf-thatched huts set in groups of from two to seven. The huts were hexagonal in form, and where grouped were joined so that they resembled the cells of a bee-hive. One hut meant a warrior and his mate, and each additional hut in a group indicated an additional female. The palisade which surrounded the village was of logs set close together and woven into a solid wall with tough creepers which were planted at their base and trained to weave in and out to bind the logs together. The logs slanted outward at an angle of about thirty degrees, in which position they were held by shorter logs embedded in the ground at right angles to them and with their upper ends supporting the longer pieces a trifle above their centers of equilibrium. Along the top of the palisade sharpened stakes had been driven at all sorts of angles.

Of all the humans on Caspak, the Galus are the highest in terms of evolution and attainment. They are known as the people of the rope. They are, in appearance, the same as humans beyond Caprona. Their habitations are better planned and built. They have a more prosperous economy compared to the other humans. The Galus are often called "The Golden People." Their language and culture is the most complex on the island, with some industries such as cloth-weaving and breeding domesitcated horses.

Billings described the galu weapons as:

Entirely outfitted I would not have known myself, so strange was my garb and my armament. Upon my back were slung my bow, arrows, shield, and short spear; from the center of my girdle depended my knife; at my right hip was my stone hatchet; and at my left hung the coils of my long rope.

Yet there is one distinction of the galus that sets them apart from all other human races on Caspak. This will be discussed in the evolutionary section.

THE WEIROO

The Weiroos are a race of winged humans capable of flight. The all male society occupies the large northern island of the inland sea. Ga-lu women are taken in raids for breeding purposes. The Weiroo are bonded telepathically, almost like a hive mentality; very war-like and cruel.

Ajor, J Allen St John


People

The information in the Caspak Glossary is presented alphabetically in three categories:

People

Places

Things

Ahm
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Bo-lu
Description: the Neanderthal man captured by Bowen's first hunting expedition; Bo-lu
Ajor
Gender: Female
Rank/Title: Wife
Home: Ga-lu
Description: Billings' wife;
She was quite the most wonderful animal that I have ever looked upon, and what few of her charms her apparel hid, it quite effectively succeeded in accentuating. A bit of soft, undressed leather was caught over her left shoulder and beneath her right breast, falling upon her left side to her hip and upon the right to a metal band which encircled her leg above the knee and to which the lowest point of the hide was attached. About her waist was a loose leather belt, to the center of which was attached the scabbard belonging to her knife. There was a single armlet between her right shoulder and elbow, and a series of them covered her left forearm from elbow to wrist. These, I learned later, answered the purpose of a shield against knife attack when the left arm is raised in guard across the breast or face.
Al-tan
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Kro-lu
Description: chief of the Kro-lu of the east coast
Alus
Gender: Race
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: people with no language, no weapons; They were entirely naked. Their bodies were covered with hair, and though they stood upon their feet without touching their hands to the ground, they had a very ape-like appearance, since they stooped forward and had very long arms and quite apish features. They were not pretty to look upon with their close-set eyes, flat noses, long upper lips and protruding yellow fangs. (People) ...
An-Tak
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Galu
Description: Co-Tan's brother; Bradley's fellow prisoner; 12 moons older than Co-Tan
babies, Weiroo
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Oo-oh
Description: Galu mothers, all male off-spring; Co-Tan reveals: A Wieroo keeps his children thus hidden until they are full-grown lest they be murdered by their fellows. The lower rooms of the city are filled with many such as these.
Band-lu
Gender: Race
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: the spear people;
Here again was a new type of man—a higher type than the primitive tribe I had just quitted. They were a taller people, too, with better-shaped skulls and more intelligent faces. There were less of the ape characteristics about their features, and less of the negroid, too. They carried weapons, stone-shod spears, stone knives, and hatchets— and they wore ornaments and breech-cloths—the former of feathers worn in their hair and the latter made of a single snake-skin cured with the head on, the head depending to their knees.; vocabulary consists of words with two syllables. ... Billings' remarks: analogous to the so-called Cro-Magnon race of the Upper Paleolithic ... There were many women but no babes or children, though I noticed that the females had better developed breasts than any that I had seen among the hatchet-men, the club-men, the Alus or the apes. ... no beards on men, wo men's bodies relatively hairless
batu
Gender: Race
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: literally: one who is through, finished, done for; one who has reached the end of evolution and cannot rise higher.
Benson
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: England
Description: Tug crew member; former Royal Navy, submariner two years; shot by Lys La Rue; confessed on death bed to be a disgruntled ex-employee at the Tyler shipyard; I.W.W. member; spied for the Germans.
Billings, Thomas
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: Tyler, Sr's secretary; organizer of the rescue mission; classmate of Bowen Tyler, Jr; a cow-puncher
Bo-lu
Gender: Race
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: the people of the club; men are bearded, women are not
Brad-lee
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Engand
Description: Co-Tan's pronunciation of Bradley's name.
Bradley
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: Lieutenant
Home: England
Description: The tug's Mate; Englishman (OOTA)
Brady
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Ireland
Description: Irishman; tug crew member; served three years as a traffic cop in Chicago.
breast, female
Gender: Race
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description:
In fact, among the lower orders of Caspakian man the female breast is but a rudimentary organ, barely suggested in the apes and Alus, and only a little more defined in the Bo-lu and Sto-lu, though always increasingly so until it is found about half developed in the females of the spear-men; yet never was there an indication that the females had suckled young; nor were there any young among them.
Caproni
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Italy
Description: Explorer, 1721, followed the route of Cook.
Chal-as
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Kro-lu
Description: A Kro-lu warrior of the west coast
chef, Toreador
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description:
It was quite the most wonderful meal I had eaten since I quit the Toreador and Bowen J. Tyler's colored chef, who could make pork-chops taste like chicken, and chicken taste like heaven.
children
Gender: Race
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: Caprona appears to be a world of adults, no children, no old people. Only among certain galu or Wieroo peoples are live births recorded.
Co-Tan
Gender: Female
Rank/Title: Wife
Home: Ga-lu
Description: Rescued by Bradley from 10 months of Weiroo captivity in Oo-oh.
cos-ata-lo
Gender: Female
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: Ajor reveals:
a cos-ata-lo, my Tom, is a woman' (lo) 'who did not come from an egg and thus on up from the beginning.' (Cor sva jo.) 'I was a babe at my mother's breast. Only among the Galus are such, and then but infrequently. ...'
crew, Toreador
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: 40, including the master and crew.
crews
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: Ten on the English tub. Twenty five on the U-boat. 16 Germans killed during the initial attack, 9 were taken prisoner. Later, when Tyler torpedoes the Geier, the English count is given as nine against 8. Bradley remarks, after the pleisosaur takes a German, which occurs after Benson has died, that the balance of power was 9 Allies 8 Germans; Lys was never counted on either side. Later, as the exploration began, Bowen specifically states: Olson, von Schoenvorts, two Englishmen and two Germans accompanied me, leaving ten to guard the ship and the girl.; (OOTA) Thus of the original party of eleven Allies and nine Germans that had constituted the company of the U-33 when she left English waters after her capture by the crew of the English tug...
Dietz
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Germany
Description: member of the U-33 crew; huge, bearded, bull-necked Prussian
Du-seen
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Galu
Description: Ajor's Galu suitor
Fosh-bal-soj
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Oo-oh
Description: Bradley's Weiroo captor
Galu
Gender: Race
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: The people of the rope (ga=rope, lu=man); the highest evolution of man on Caprona; the only human race that reproduces like modern humans: often referred to as the golden people. ...
generations
Gender: Race
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: Billings:
Some never progress beyond the Alu stage; others stop as Bo-lu, as Sto-lu, as Bandlu or as Kro-lu. The Ho-lu of the first generation may rise to become Alus; the Alus of the second generation may become Bo-lu, while it requires three generations of Bo-lu to become Band-lu, and so on until Kro-lu's parent on one side must be of the sixth generation.
Grimaldi
Gender: Race
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: n/r
Hatcher & Holland
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: paleontologists
Heinz
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Germany
Description: member of the U-33 crew
Him Who Speaks For Luata
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Oo-oh
Description: Weiroo leader
Hindle
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Germany
Description: one of the U-33's crew
Hollis, Jimmy
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: Toreador crew
James, William
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: Tug crew member; died September 13, 1916, killed by sabertooth tiger.
Jor
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: Chief
Home: Galu
Description: Chief of the Galu
Kho
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Sto-lu
Description: a Sto-lu of Tsa's tribe; Lys La Rue's second abductor.
Klatz
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Germany
Description: one of the U-33 crew
Kro-lu
Gender: Race
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: the bow people; a people who were armed with bows and arrows, had vessels in which to cook their food and huts of some sort in which they lived, and were accompanied by animals.
Lys La Rue
Gender: Female
Rank/Title: Wife
Home: America
Description: fellow passenger on the American liner sunk by U-33; Bowen Tyler's mate.
Olson
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Irish
Description: The tug's engineer
Plesser
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Germany
Description: German U-boat member; struck by von Schoenverts, who broke Plesser's nose.
primitive types
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Alus
Description: Tyler's thoughts upon finding the skeleton on the small beach:
There was no sign of clothing upon or about it. A fine, brownish hair covered the chest and abdomen, and the face, the palms of the hands, the feet, the shoulders and back were practically hairless. The creature must have been about the height of a fair sized man; its features were similar to those of a man; yet had it been a man?
Races, Caspak
Gender: Race
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description:
I learned from them that their people were known as Bandlu, or spear-men; Tsa's race was called Sto-lu — hatchet-men. Below these in the scale of evolution came the Bo-lu, or club-men, and then the Alus, who had no weapons and no language. In that word I recognized what to me seemed the most remarkable discovery I had made upon Caprona, for unless it were mere coincidence, I had come upon a word that had been handed down from the beginning of spoken language upon earth, been handed down for millions of years, perhaps, with little change. It was the sole remaining thread of the ancient woof of a dawning culture which had been woven when Caprona was a fiery mount upon a great land-mass teeming with life. It linked the unfathomable then to the eternal now. And yet it may have been pure coincidence; my better judgment tells me that it is coincidence that in Caspak the term for speechless man is Alus, and in the outer world of our own day it is Alalus.; From her gestures I deduced that the Kro-lus were a people who were armed with bows and arrows, had vessels in which to cook their food and huts of some sort in which they lived, and were accompanied by animals. It was all very fragmentary and vague, but the idea seemed to be that the Kro-lus were a more advanced people than the Band-lus.
Schoenvorts, Baron Fredriech von
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Germany
Description: Commander of the U-boat; La Rue's ex-fiance; Prussian
Schwartz
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Germany
Description: one of the U-33's non-commissioned officers.
Schwerke
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Germany
Description: member of the U-33 treated so cruelly by von Schoenvorts that he committed suicide.
Short, Colin
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: Toreador crew
Sinclair
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: England
Description: Tug crew member; Englishman (OOTA); worked as a cow puncher in Montana
So-al
Gender: Female
Rank/Title: Mate
Home: n/r
Description: Woman saved when Billings killed the cave-lion at the breeding pool
So-ta
Gender: Female
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Band-lu
Description: The comely Band-lu; To-jo's mate before she became Kro-lu
Sto-lu
Gender: Race
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: the hatchet people; higher than the club people;
place of evolution between that of the Neanderthal man and what is known as the Grimaldi race. Their features were distinctly negroid, though their skins were white. A considerable portion of both torso and limbs were covered with short hair, and their physical proportions were in many aspects apelike, though not so much so as were Ahm's. They carried themselves in a more erect position, although their arms were considerably longer than those of the Neanderthal man. As I watched them, I saw that they possessed a language, that they had knowledge of fire and that they carried besides the wooden club of Ahm, a thing which resembled a crude stone hatchet. Evidently they were very low in the scale of humanity, but they were a step upward from those I had previously seen in Caspak; vocabulary consists of words of one syllable. ... Men have sparse beards.
Tan
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: Warrior
Home: Galu
Description: Co-Tan's father
Tippet, John
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: England
Description: Tug crew member; killed the cave bear which attacked Bradley; later killed by a Tyrannosaurus. His marker, made by Sinclair: HERE LIES JOHN TIPPET ENGLISHMAN KILLED BY TYRANNOSAURUS 10 SEPT. A.D. 1916 R.I.P.
To-jo
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: Chief
Home: Band-lu
Description: Chief of the Band-lu
To-mar
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: Chief
Home: Band-lu
Description: Band-lu who became Kro-lu shortly after Tom Billings encountered him; mate of So-al, who had come 'from the beginning' with Tomar.
Tsa
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Sto-lu
Description: Bowen's rival for Lys; a Sto-lu
Tyler Sr., Bowen J,
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Santa Monica, CA
Description: Tyler's father; died aboard the Toreador at sea
Tyler, Bowen
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Santa Monica, CA
Description: Junior executive at family owned shipbuilders. Engineer, aviator.
volunteers
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: Billing's philosophy; he never called for volunteers—just selected the man or men he considered best qualified for the duty. He said that he considered the principles underlying all volunteer service fundamentally wrong, and that it seemed to him that calling for volunteers reflected upon the courage and loyalty of the entire command.
Weiroo
Gender: Race
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Oo-oh
Description: Residents of Oo-oh, the northern island of the inland sea; flying humans; all males; steal women from the Galu for reproductive purposes; luminescent eyes, extreme night vision; usual apparel is long white flowing robe; sleep hanging upside down, in the fashion of bats; Large bat wings from the shoulder blades, as were arms, human in appearance, though grotesque; large craniums, over large luminous eyes, thin lips over yellow teeth; no color, pale, skin described as parchment. ... Bradley:
The creature stood about the height of an average man but appeared much taller from the fact that the joints of his long wings rose fully a foot above his hairless head. The bare arms were long and sinewy, ending in strong, bony hands with clawlike fingers—almost talonlike in their suggestiveness. The white robe was separated in front, revealing skinny legs and the further fact that the thing wore but the single garment, which was of fine, woven cloth. From crown to sole the portions of the body exposed were entirely hairless, and as he noted this, Bradley also noted for the first time the cause of much of the seeming expressionlessness of the creature's countenance—it had neither eye-brows or lashes. The ears were small and rested flat against the skull, which was noticeably round, though the face was quite flat. The creature had small feet, beautifully arched and plump, but so out of keeping with every other physical attribute it possessed as to appear ridiculous.
Weiroo race
Gender: Race
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Oo-oh
Description:
'There is a legend current among my people that once the Wieroo were unlike us only in that they possessed rudimentary wings. They lived in villages in the Galu countr
Whitely
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: Tug crew member; ERB chose a heavy dialect for this character.
Wilson
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: England
Description: Tug crewman; described as 'rather an intelligent fellow of the English middle class'; sometimes cook

Places

People

Places

Things

14' degrees
Gender: Map
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: Northern limit for icebergs, South Pacific
Blue Place of Seven Skulls
Gender: Map
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Oo-oh
Description: Bradley's prison;
'... the creature alighted on the roof of a square, blue building surmounted by seven poles bearing seven skulls. This then, thought Bradley, is the Blue Place of Seven Skulls.'
Brighton, Illinois
Gender: Map
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: America
Description: Brady mentioned this location where a woman had been murdered, her throat cut.
Cape Farewell
Gender: Map
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Greenland
Description: Where Bowen Tyler's manuscript in a bottle was found.
Caprona
Gender: Map
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Caprona
Description: an island continent located deep south Pacific ocean within waters populated by Arctic icebergs; a dormant volcano with a hot-house environment protected by sheer cliffs rising 1,200 feet or higher completely ringing the crater; called Caspak by the natives; Billings' overflight revealed:
The broad expanse of the inland sea lured me out over its waters, and as I crossed, I saw at either extremity of the great body of water an island — one to the south and one to the north; but I did not alter my course to examine either closely, leaving that to a later time.
Caspak
Gender: Map
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Caprona
Description: The native name for Caprona
CASPAK MAP by Tangor, 1998
City of Human Skulls, The
Gender: Map
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Oo-oh
Description: Bradley's name for the Weiroo city at the western end of the island of Oo-oh...
It was not as large as he had imagined, though he judged that it was at least three miles square. The houses were piled in indescribable heaps, sometimes to a height of a hundred feet. The streets and alleys were short and crooked and there were many areas where buildings had been wedged in so closely that no light could possibly reach the lowest tiers, the entire surface of the ground being packed solidly with them.
city; Weiroo
Gender: Map
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Oo-oh
Description:
but in that momentary glance he saw strange piles of stone and wood and mud fashioned into buildings of all conceivable sizes and shapes, sometimes piled high on top of one another, sometimes standing alone in an open court-way, but usually crowded and jammed together, so that there were no streets or alleys between them other than a few which ended almost as soon as they began. The principal doorways appeared to be in the roofs, and it was through one of these that Bradley was inducted into the dark interior of a low-ceiled room. Here he was pushed roughly into a corner where he tripped over a thick mat, and there his captors left him.
cliffs, barrier
Gender: Map
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Caspak
Description: The height of the cliffs can be calculated as 1,200 feet. Billings tells us:
During the nights the searchlights from the Toreador were kept playing upon the cliff at the point where the drills were working, and at the rate of ten feet an hour the summit was reached upon the fifth day.
Coppington, England
Gender: Map
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: England
Description: Tippet's grandfather lived near there; a place with a haunted castle.
coslupak
Gender: Map
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Caspak
Description: unpeopled country, or literally, no man's land
Curtiss
Gender: Science
Rank/Title: School
Home: n/r
Description: Bowen Tyler took his aviation training here.
dining, Weiroo
Gender: Map
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Oo-oh
Description:
Inside he found a large room in which were many Wieroos seated before pedestals the tops of which were hollowed out so that they resembled the ordinary bird drinking- and bathing-fonts so commonly seen on suburban lawns. A seat protruded from each of the four sides of the pedestals—just a flat board with a support running from its outer end diagonally to the base of the pedestal. ... in each font was a quantity of food, and that each Wieroo was armed with a wooden skewer, sharpened at one end; with which they carried solid portions of food to their mouths. At the other end of the skewer was fastened a small clam-shell. This was used to scoop up the smaller and softer portions of the repast into which all four of the occupants of each table dipped impartially. The Wieroo leaned far over their food, scooping it up rapidly and with much noise, and so great was their haste that a part of each mouthful always fell back into the common dish; and when they choked, by reason of the rapidity with which they attempted to bolt their food, they often lost it all. Bradley was glad that he had a pedestal all to himself. ... he found it peculiarly palatable. It seemed to consist of a combination of meat, fruits, vegetables, small fish and other undistinguishable articles of food all seasoned to produce a gastronomic effect that was at once baffling and delicious. ... The carved pedestals were black with use, the wooden seats were worn hollow, the floor of stone slabs was polished by the contact of possibly millions of naked feet and worn away in the aisles between the pedestals so that the latter rested upon little mounds of stone several inches above the general level of the floor.
English Channel
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: General area where the liner carrying Bowen Tyler, Lys La Rue and Crown Prince Nobbler was torpedoed.
Fort Dinosaur
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Fort
Home: Western Caspak
Description: Constructed in three weeks time. Bowen's description:
It took us three weeks to build all the houses, which we constructed close by a cold spring some two miles from the harbor.
Georgetown
Gender: Map
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: British Gu
Description: Bowen Tyler's intended destination.
Hell's Creek, Montana
Gender: Map
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: America
Description: Where Bradley relates the remains of Tyrannosaurus rex has been discovered. Indicates (erroneously) that it became extinct 6 million years ago.
Inland sea
Gender: Map
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: Approximately 57 miles from the subterranean entrance into Caprona.
Kiel
Gender: Map
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Germany
Description: Home port for the German U-boat
Oo-oh
Gender: Map
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Oo-oh
Description: Northern island of the inland sea; home of the Weiroo; Co-Tan tells Bradley:
'...a beautiful land in which there are but few wild beasts and no men, for only the Wieroos live upon this island and they dwell always in cities of which there are three, this being the largest. The others are at the far (east) end of the island, which is about three marches from end to end and at its widest point about one march.'
River of Death
Gender: Map
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Oo-oh
Description: The river that flows beneath the Weiroo 'City of Human Skulls'; Bradley's escape route; a body of water used to dispose of bodies and other rubbish which empties into the inland sea where aquatic monsters feed upon them.
room, Weiroo
Gender: Map
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Oo-oh
Description:
A broad shaft of morning light poured through the open doorway in the ceiling of the room which was about thirty feet square, or roughly square, being irregular in shape, one side curving outward, another being indented by what might have been the corner of another building jutting into it, another alcoved by three sides of an octagon, while the fourth was serpentine in contour. Two windows let in more daylight, while two doors evidently gave ingress to other rooms. The walls were partially ceiled with thin strips of wood, nicely fitted and finished, partially plastered and the rest covered with a fine, woven cloth. Figures of reptiles and beasts were painted without regard to any uniform scheme here and there upon the walls. A striking feature of the decorations consisted of several engaged columns set into the walls at no regular intervals, the capitals of each supporting a human skull the cranium of which touched the ceiling, as though the latter was supported by these grim reminders either of departed relatives or of some hideous tribal rite — Bradley could not but wonder which.
Rush Stree Bridge, Chicago
Gender: Map
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Chicago, Illinois
Description: Brady jokingly compared the bedlam of Caspakian night noises to that of the city street.
South Clark Street, Chicago
Gender: Map
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Chicago, Illinois
Description: Where Brady served as a traffic cop.
20' north 30' west
Gender: Map
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: Location where Tyler took crude sextant readings after the compass had been tampered with.
40 miles
Gender: Map
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: distance traveled by the sub up Caprona's river on the first day.

Things

People

Places

Things

acacia
Gender: Plant
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: Mentioned at junction of large tributary with main river.
Ace
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: Billings' horse.
alliegence
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Custom
Home: n/r
Description: Billings observed:
'We can go north together,' continued the warrior. 'I will fight for you, and you can fight for me. Until death will I serve you, for you have saved So-al, whom I had given up as dead.' He threw down his spear and covered both his eyes with the palms of his two hands. I looked inquiringly toward Ajor, who explained as best she could that this was the form of the Caspakian oath of allegiance. 'You need never fear him after this,' she concluded.
J Allen St John
Allousaurus
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: First encountered after setting ashore to explore; Bowen's description:
The creature appeared to be a great lizard at least ten feet high, with a huge, powerful tail as long as its torso, mighty hind legs and short forelegs. When it had advanced from the wood, it hopped much after the fashion of a kangaroo, using its hind feet and tail to propel it, and when it stood erect, it sat upon its tail. Its head was long and thick, with a blunt muzzle, and the opening of the jaws ran back to a point behind the eyes, and the jaws were armed with long sharp teeth. The scaly body was covered with black and yellow spots about a foot in diameter and irregular in contour. These spots were outlined in red with edgings about an inch wide. The underside of the chest, body and tail were a greenish white.
animals
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: monkeys, snakes, lizards, huge insects; Billings' observation on the large carnivora:
I came to the conclusion that such creatures as the cave-bear, the cave-lion and the saber-tooth tiger, as well as the larger carnivorous reptiles make, ordinarily, two kills a day—one in the morning and one after night. They immediately devour the entire carcass, after which they lie up and sleep for a few hours.
antelope
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: In the park-like forests along the inland sea
Ata
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Language
Home: n/r
Description: ata, meaning variously eggs, life, young, and reproduction (People)
Atis
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: See rhinocerous, wooly.
aurochs
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: a large prehistoric buffalo
Balmen
Gender: Ship
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: Sailing ship; merchant, general cargo; encountered South Atlantic; home port Halmstad, Sweden. July, 1916 reported sunk by German raider in June; survivor picked up Cape Verde Islands; died without giving details.
bears
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: n/r
bison
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: In the park-like forests along the inland sea; described as shaggy.
bos
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: n/r
bow
Gender: Weapon
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: weapon of the Kro-lu
cats, big
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: lions, panthers, leopards; lynx, tigers
cave painting
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Custom
Home: n/r
Description:
In the caves of the Band-lu Tom Billings saw examples of painting, usually in four shades of brown ... 'comparisons between these people and the extinct Cro-Magnons whose ancient art is still preserved in the caverns of Niaux and Le Portel'
cigaret
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: Billings rolls and lights one for the first time in chapter six.
cloth
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Custom
Home: n/r
Description: Only the Galu and Weiroo weave cloth.
club
Gender: Weapon
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: Weapon of the Bo-lu
color, Weiroo
Gender: Ranks
Rank/Title: Ranks
Home: Oo-oh
Description: -the other room is blue.'
cor sva jo
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Language
Home: n/r
Description: cor sva jo, or literally, 'from the beginning'
cos
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Language
Home: n/r
Description: negative
cows
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: Kro-lu lands and north; domesticated for milk
Crown Prince Nobbler
Gender: Male
Rank/Title: Dog
Home: n/r
Description: Tyler's faithful Airedale hound.
deer, red
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: In the park-like forests along the inland sea.
Diplodocus
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description:
I shall never forget one enormous specimen which we came upon browsing upon water-reeds at the edge of the great sea. It stood well over twelve feet high at the rump, its highest point, and with its enormously long tail and neck it was somewhere between seventy-five and a hundred feet in length. Its head was ridiculously small; its body was unarmored, but its great bulk gave it a most formidable appearance. My experience of Caspakian life led me to believe that the gigantic creature would but have to see us to attack us, and so I raised my rifle and at the same time drew away toward some brush which offered concealment; but Ajor only laughed, and picking up a stick, ran toward the great thing, shouting. The little head was raised high upon the long neck as the animal stupidly looked here and there in search of the author of the disturbance. At last its eyes discovered tiny little Ajor, and then she hurled the stick at the diminutive head. With a cry that sounded not unlike the bleat of a sheep, the colossal creature shuffled into the water and was soon submerged.
disposal of bodies
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Custom
Home: Oo-oh
Description: The Weiroos sever the heads and wings from the dead, then deposit the corpse into the river passing beneath the city via drop tunnels.
dogs
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: Kept by the Kro-lu; wolf-like, gaunt; guarded the cow herds, 10 dogs to a cow.
doors, Weiroo
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: City
Home: Oo-oh
Description: In the City of Human Skulls Bradley noted the construction of doors in detail:
Beside him was a door painted a vivid yellow and constructed after the same fashion as the other Wieroo doors he had seen, being made up of countless narrow strips of wood from four to six inches in length laid on in patches of about the same width, the strips in adjacent patches never running in the same direction. The result bore some resemblance to a crazy patchwork quilt, which was heightened when, as in one of the doors he had seen, contiguous patches were painted different colors. The strips appeared to have been bound together and to the underlying framework of the door with gut or fiber and also glued, after which a thick coating of paint had been applied. One edge of the door was formed of a straight, round pole about two inches in diameter that protruded at top and bottom, the projections setting in round holes in both lintel and sill forming the axis upon which the door swung. An eccentric disk upon the inside face of the door engaged a slot in the frame when it was desired to secure the door against intruders.
ecca
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: a small horse; about the size of a rabbit.
eucalyptus
Gender: Plant
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: mentioned at junction of large tributary joining the main river.
evolution
Gender: Scienc
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description:
An-Tak tried to explain. His narrative was often broken by lapses of concentration during which he reverted to his plaintive mumbling for food and recurrence to the statement that there was a way out; but by firmness and patience the Englishman drew out piece-meal a more or less lucid exposition of the remarkable scheme of evolution that rules in Caspak. In it he found explanations of the hitherto inexplicable. He discovered why he had seen no babes or children among the Caspakian tribes with which he had come in contact; why each more northerly tribe evinced a higher state of development than those south of them; why each tribe included individuals ranging in physical and mental characteristics from the highest of the next lower race to the lowest of the next higher, and why the women of each tribe immersed themselves morning for an hour or more in the warm pools near which the habitations of the people always were located; and, too, he discovered why those pools were almost immune from the attacks of carnivorous animals and reptiles.
evolution
Gender: Race
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: Ajor explains:
both he and my mother came up from the beginning; but one of them, probably my mother, had completed the seven cycles' (approximately seven hundred years
food
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: besides meat, Ahm showed the crew the edible fruits, tubers and herbs.; a form of giant Indian maize, a perennial 50 to 60 feet in height with ears as large as a man's body, kernels as large as a fist.;
ga
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Custom
Home: n/r
Description: literally: rope
Geier
Gender: Ship
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: German surface raider
goats
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: Kro-lu domesticated for milk and cheese.
grass
Gender: Plant
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description:
unearthly — lush and high it grew, and each blade bore upon its tip a brilliant flower — violet or yellow or carmine or blue—making as gorgeous a sward as human imagination might conceive.
green eggs
Gender: Scienc
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: From OOTA:
Late in the afternoon the party crossed a small stream of warm water upon the sluggishly moving surface of which floated countless millions of tiny green eggs surrounded by a light scum of the same color, though of a darker shade. Their past experience of Caspak had taught them that they might expect to come upon a stagnant pool of warm water if they followed the stream to its source; but there they were almost certain to find some of Caspak's grotesque, manlike creatures.
Hatchet
Gender: Weapon
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: Weapon of the Sto-lu
Ho-lu
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: the apes (People)
honda
Gender: Weapon
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: The honda is a golden oval and accurate weight for the throwing of the noose. This heavy honda, Chal-az explained, is used as a weapon, being thrown with great force and accuracy at an enemy and then coiled in for another cast. In hunting and in battle, they use both the noose and the honda. If several warriors surround a single foeman or quarry, they rope it with the noose from several sides; but a single warrior against a lone antagonist will attempt to brain his foe with the metal oval.
horse
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: Primative versions 'toward the beginning'; the Galu domesticate horses of modern breeding; at least three distinct species of horse, the latter ranging in size from a creature about as large as Nobs to a magnificent animal fourteen to sixteen hands high; Billings said:
I came upon a bunch of as magnificent horses as it has ever been my lot to see. They were dark bays with blazed faces and perfect surcingles of white about their barrels. Their forelegs were white to the knees. In height they stood almost sixteen hands, the mares being a trifle smaller than the stallions, of which there were three or four in this band of a hundred, which comprised many colts and half-grown horses. Their markings were almost identical, indicating a purity of strain that might have persisted since long ages ago. If I had coveted one of the little ponies of the Kro-lu country, imagine my state of mind when I came upon these magnificent creatures!
humor
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Language
Home: n/r
Description: Then he picked up the head and tossed it after the body. 'Don't be so glu
huts, Kro-lu
Gender: Place
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description:
It was almost dark when we reached the village—a large palisaded enclosure of several hundred leaf-thatched huts set in groups of from two to seven. The huts were hexagonal in form, and where grouped were joined so that they resembled the cells of a bee-hive. One hut meant a warrior and his mate, and each additional hut in a group indicated an additional female. The palisade which surrounded the village was of logs set close together and woven into a solid wall with tough creepers which were planted at their base and trained to weave in and out to bind the logs together. The logs slanted outward at an angle of about thirty degrees, in which position they were held by shorter logs embedded in the ground at right angles to them and with their upper ends supporting the longer pieces a trifle above their centers of equilibrium. Along the top of the palisade sharpened stakes had been driven at all sorts of angles.
hyaenodon
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: ferocious and blood-thirsty wild dogs of the Eocene
hyena, cave
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description:
These brutes are enormous and exceedingly ferocious. I imagine they correspond with the cave-hyena of prehistoric times. ... Hyaena spelaeus
islands, Inland sea
Gender: Map
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description:
I saw at either extremity of the great body of water an island—one to the south and one to the north; the north island is the home of the Weiroos.
jaal-lu
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Language
Home: n/r
Description: hyena-man, an appellation of contempt
jackel
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: n/r
jo-oo
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: pterodactyl
ju
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Language
Home: n/r
Description: stop
ju-jutsu
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: Learned by Bowen Tyler at schoool, the Los Angeles Athletic Club, and from a 'Jap' working at the family shipyard.
June 3rd, 1916
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Date
Home: n/r
Description: The date U-80 sank the liner carrying Bowen Tyler, Lys La Rue and Crown Prince Nobbler.
Jurassic
Gender: Scienc
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: n/r
Kazor
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Language
Home: n/r
Description: beware
Labyrinthadonta
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: largest number apppear in the area between Kro-lu and Galu lands... Billings' thoughts:
'they are a very early life which is rapidly nearing extinction in Caspak, though wherever they are found, they constitute a menace to all forms of life.'
Layfette Escadrille
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: French/American military organization, World War I
lion, cave
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: n/r
lo
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Custom
Home: n/r
Description: woman
lu
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Language
Home: n/r
Description: man
Lua
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Language
Home: n/r
Description: Lua, meaning sun
Luata
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Language
Home: n/r
Description:
Ajor spoke in tones of reverence of Luata, the god of heat and life. The word is derived from two others: Lua, meaning sun, and ata, meaning variously eggs, life, young, and reproduction. She told me that they worshiped Luata in several forms, as fire, the sun, eggs and other material objects which suggested heat and reproduction.
mammoths
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: n/r
march
Gender: measur
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: a day's march is approximately 10 miles.
Mars
Gender: Scienc
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description:
Bradley laughed — a rather sorry laugh, though. 'You might as well call our attention to the fact, sir,' he said, 'that science has indicated that there is fresh water and vegetation on Mars.'
mastodon
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: Kro-lu country
megatherium
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: ground sloth
Mesozoic
Gender: Scienc
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: n/r
Neanderthal
Gender: Race
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: Bowen descibes the crew's first encounter:
when we suddenly emerged into an open space in the center of which was such a band as might have caused the most courageous to pause. It consisted of upward of five hundred individuals representing several species closely allied to man. There were anthropoid apes and gorillas — these I had no difficulty in recognizing; but there were other forms which I had never before seen, and I was hard put to it to say whether they were ape or man. Some of them resembled the corpse we had found upon the narrow beach against Caprona's sea-wall, while others were of a still lower type, more nearly resembling the apes, and yet others were uncannily manlike, standing there erect, being less hairy and possessing better shaped heads.
October 8, 1916
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Date
Home: n/r
Description: Bowen makes what he believes is his last entry.
Palezoic
Gender: Scienc
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: n/r
paper
Gender: Scienc
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Oo-oh
Description: found only on the Weiroo island; unknown anywhere on Caspak
plants
Gender: Plant
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: Tom Billings:
The country through which I took my way was as lovely as it was unusual — I had almost said unearthly, for the plants, the trees, the blooms were not of the earth that I knew. They were larger, the colors more brilliant and the shapes startling, some almost to grotesqueness, though even such added to the charm and romance of the landscape as the giant cacti render weirdly beautiful the waste spots of the sad Mohave.
plesiosaur
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description:
We looked in the direction he pointed and saw a long, glossy neck surmounted by a small head rising above the surface of the river. Presently the back of the creature was exposed, brown and glossy as the water dripped from it. It turned its eyes upon us, opened its lizard-like mouth, emitted a shrill hiss and came for us. The thing must have been sixteen or eighteen feet in length and closely resembled pictures I had seen of restored plesiosaurs of the lower Jurassic. — Later Olson kills one attempting to enter the conning tower. Dubbed Pleisosaur Olsoni, it provided the first fresh meat in weeks.
pterodactyl
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: described as 'enormous' and 'frightful' (Land); Billings:
...I saw a most terrific creature swooping down upon me. It must have been fully eighty feet long from the end of its long, hideous beak to the tip of its thick, short tail, with an equal spread of wings.
rhino hide
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: Billings remarking on Kro-lu hunters:
They left the hide on the pieces they selected, as they use it for sandals, shield-covers, the hilts of their knives and various other purposes where tough hide is desirable.
rhinoceros, woolly
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: Plesser killed one while on expedition with Bradley. Ahm called it 'Atis.'
rifles
Gender: Weapon
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: 20 on the U-33
seaplane
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Aircraft
Home: n/r
Description: referred to as a 'hydro-plane'; Billings' method of defeating Caprona's towering cliffs.
September 10, 1916
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Date
Home: n/r
Description: After constructing the crude oil refinery, the U-33 returns to Fort Dinosaur. Olson, Whitely, Wilson, La Rue and Tyler disembarked at the fort. Von Schoenvorts and the German crew return to the oil refinery.
September 10, 1916
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Date
Home: n/r
Description: Date on John Tippet's grave; killed by Tyrannosaurus rex.
September 11, 1916
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Date
Home: n/r
Description: Plesser and two Germans come overland to replenish ammunition at the refinery site.; Lys La Rye abducted (OOTA)
September 12, 1916
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Date
Home: n/r
Description: Bradley's party:
On September twelfth the party scaled a line of sandstone cliffs which crossed their route toward the south; but they crossed them only after an encounter with the tribe that inhabited the numerous caves which pitted the face of the escarpment.
September 14, 1916
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Date
Home: n/r
Description: Bradley's night watch; when he was captured by the Weiroo.
September 3, 1916
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Date
Home: n/r
Description: Three months after the sinking of the American liner.
September 4, 1916
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Date
Home: n/r
Description: Date upon which Bradley
'... set out with four companions, Sinclair, Brady, James, and Tippet, to search along the base of the barrier cliffs for a point at which they might be scaled.'
September 7, 1916
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Date
Home: n/r
Description: Bowen writes that Bradley is on expedition with Sinclair, Brady, James and Tippett. Ahm has disappeared. Von Schoenvorts and Olson discover oil 15 miles north of Fort Dinosaur
September 8, 1916
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Date
Home: n/r
Description: Tyler, Olson, La Rue and von Schoenvorts take the U-33 to the oil geyser.
September 9, 1916
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Date
Home: n/r
Description: Tippet on guard; a Weiroo nearly takes him.
sheep
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: northern Caspak
shields
Gender: Wepaon
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: Kro-lu defense;
Throwing aside his bow, he crouched behind his large oval shield, in the center of which was a hole about six inches in diameter. The shield was held by tight loops to his left arm, while in his right hand he grasped his heavy knife. Bristling with spears and arrows, the great cat hurled itself upon the shield, and down went Chal-az upon his back with the shield entirely covering him. The tiger clawed and bit at the heavy rhinoceros hide with which the shield was faced, while Chal-az, through the round hole in the shield's center, plunged his blade repeatedly into the vitals of the savage animal.
skulls, Weiroo
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: Oo-oh
Description:
Sometimes the columns were at one corner of the roof, sometimes at another, or again they rose from the center or near the center, and the columns were of varying heights, from that of a man to those which rose twenty feet above their roofs. The skulls were, as a rule, painted—blue or white, or in combinations of both colors. The most effective were painted blue with the teeth white and the eye-sockets rimmed with white.
snakes
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description:
Constant watchfulness was required to avoid the many snakes of various degrees of repulsiveness and enormity that infested the wood;
Spear
Gender: Weapon
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: weapon of the Band-lu
tadpole pools
Gender: Scienc
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: part of Caspak's incredible evolutionary process. The pools were always warm and covered with green scum.
tas-ad
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Language
Home: Oo-oh
Description: 'the right way', the Weiroo way of thinking
tiger, sabertooth
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: n/r
torches, Kro-lu
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description:
About the walls were a number of flaming torches stuck in holes in a clay plaster which evidently served the purpose of preventing the inflammable wood and grasses of which the hut was composed from being ignited by the flames.
Toreador
Gender: Ship
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: The Tyler family yacht; used to mount the rescue mission; carried the seaplane, 40 persons; 20 heavy rifles; an electric drill; half inch iron rod
toward the beginning
Gender: Scienc
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: south; the mouth of the subterranean river; where live begins.
trees
Gender: Plant
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: ash, oak, and beech mentioned along the cold-water streams. Jarrah was selected to construct the walls of Fort Dinosaur.; Billings:
Acacia and eucalyptus predominated among the trees; yet there were ash and oak and even pine and fir and hemlock. The tree-life was riotous. The forests were dense and peopled by enormous trees ...
triangle
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Custom
Home: n/r
Description: Religious gesture:
I had noticed that whenever I built a fire, Ajor outlined in the air before her with a forefinger an isosceles triangle, and that she did the same in the morning when she first viewed the sun. At first I had not connected her act with anything in particular, but after we learned to converse and she had explained a little of her religious superstitions, I realized that she was making the sign of the triangle as a Roman Catholic makes the sign of the cross. Always the short side of the triangle was uppermost. As she explained all this to me, she pointed to the decorations on her golden armlets, upon the knob of her dagger-hilt and upon the band which encircled her right leg above the knee — always was the design partly made up of isosceles triangles, and when she explained the significance of this particular geometric figure, I at once grasped its appropriateness.
Triassic
Gender: Scienc
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: n/r
truth & loyalty
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Custom
Home: n/r
Description: Billings:
I was not at the time well enough acquainted with Caspakian ways to know that truthfulness and loyalty are two of the strongest characteristics of these primitive people. They are not sufficiently cultured to have become adept in hypocrisy, treason and dissimulation. There are, of course, a few exceptions.
tugboat
Gender: Ship
Rank/Title: Ship
Home: England
Description: Vessel which rescued Bowen and Lys; later attempted to ram the U-boat.
Tyrannosaurus rex
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description:
From frightful jaws to the tip of its long tail it was fully forty feet in length. Its body was covered with plates of thick skin which bore a striking resemblance to armor-plate. The creature saw Bradley almost at the same instant that he saw it and reared up on its enormous hind legs until its head towered a full twenty-five feet above the ground. From the cavernous jaws issued a hissing sound of a volume equal to the escaping steam from the safety-valves of half a dozen locomotives, and then the creature came for the man.
U-33
Gender: Ship
Rank/Title: submarine
Home: Germany
Description: Combat vessel operated by the Germans and purchased before World War I from the shipyards owned by Bowen Tyler, Sr. Equipped with torpedoes, deck gun, and machine guns.
weapons, galu
Gender: Weapon
Rank/Title: n/r
Home: n/r
Description: Tom Billings describes:
Entirely outfitted I would not have known myself, so strange was my garb and my armament. Upon my back were slung my bow, arrows, shield, and short spear; from the center of my girdle depended my knife; at my right hip was my stone hatchet; and at my left hung the coils of my long rope. By reaching my right hand over my left shoulder, I could seize the spear or arrows; my left hand could find my bow over my right shoulder, while a veritable contortionist-act was necessary to place my shield in front of me and upon my left arm. The shield, long and oval, is utilized more as back-armor than as a defense against frontal attack, for the close-set armlets of gold upon the left forearm are principally depended upon to ward off knife, spear, hatchet, or arrow from in front; but against the greater carnivora and the attacks of several human antagonists, the shield is utilized to its best advantage and carried by loops upon the left arm.
wolves
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Animal
Home: n/r
Description: n/r
writing
Gender: n/r
Rank/Title: Custom
Home: Oo-oh
Description: hieroglyphics used by the Weiroo

See also: Caspak See also: Caspak is an Enigma