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J. G. Huckenpöholer

During the 1994 ECOF in Baltimore, someone mentioned casually, "Of course you know about Tarzan's daughter." Of course I knew no such thing, so he referred me to The Man-Eater. Sure enough, in that story Virginia Scott says, "Oh, it's Mrs. Clayton and Charlotte!"(1)

But is there any indication that this is a daughter of Tarzan's? For several reasons, I believe she is not. My reasoning is as follows:

This is prima facie evidence that she had not had a daughter before this time.

So who are "Mrs. Clayton and Charlotte"? I believe they are distant cousins of Tarzan's who settled in Virginia during the English Civil War, during the period when a large number of royalists emigrated rather than swear allegiance to Cromwell. It is true that Burroughs has a tendency to draw together elements of his various series; however, I think in this case that the assumption of identity is unwarranted. Instead, I offer the following hypotheses:

Nowadays when we think of the difficulty of crossing the Atlantic during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, we tend to underestimate the amount of back-and-forth travel that occurred during the colonial period. It is worthwhile noting that, for example, one of Cromwell's top generals in the English Civil War was a Harvard graduate(3)--I believe it was Robert Overton but cannot verify that at the moment. In any case, I believe this to be the most likely explanation for the Virginia Claytons.

10. January 1995

1.Burroughs, Edgar Rice, Beyond Thirty and The Man-Eater, South Ozone Park, N. Y., Science-Fiction & Fantasy Publications, 1957, p. 141.

2.Burroughs, The Son of Tarzan, Chicago, A. C. McClurg & Co., 1917, p. 389.

3.The southern colonies tended to support the royalists during the Civil War, while New England was overwhelmingly pro-Cromwell. Several of Cromwell's top lieutenants--most notably Goffe and his son-in-law Whalley--escaped to Massachusetts at the time of the restoration, and lived there safe from retribution.