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APE-ENGLISH DICTIONARY

David Bruce Bozarth

Updated: 2020

The Ape-English Dictionary is one of the most popular pages at erblist.com via Tangor Responds, an ERBmania! Contributor.

The original layout was somewhat difficult to read so a new format is in place: APE-ENGLISH on one side and ENGLISH-APE on the other. Both lists are from the Whitman Tarzan and appeared in that volume as an appendix glossary. The listing has been enhanced to break out ALL words in either version, placed in alphabetical order, and contained to the bare minimum, that is, no additonal comments are added.

Further reserach has revealed that a significant number of ape words are NOT in the books by Edgar Rice Burroughs, but were authorized inventions for the Dell comics which were published about the same time as the Whitman edition. No effort has been made to identify which words are ERB and which are from the comics, though that might come later when I have more time!

To read Edgar Rice Burroughs' Tarzan of the Apes an annotated version is available.

If time is of the essense there is a chapter by chapter summary from the Edgar Rice Burroughs Summary Project.

APE — ENGLISH

a — light

ab — boy

abalu — brother

abu — knee

abu — kneel

adu — lose

ala — rise

amba — fall

ara — lightning

arad — spear

argo — fire

aro — cast

aro — shoot

aro — throw

at — tail

atan — male

b'wang — hand

b'yat — head

b'zan — hair

b'zee — foot

bal — golden

balu — baby

balu-den — branch

balu-den — limb

balu-den — stick

band — elbow

bar — battle

bara — deer

ben — great

bo — flat

bolgani — gorilla

bu — he

bund — dead

bundolo — kill

bur — cold

busso — fly

buto — rhinoceros

dak — fat

dak-lul — lake

dako — thick

dako-zan — flesh

dako-zan — meat

dan — rock

dan — stone

dan-do — stop

dan-lul — ice

dan-sopu — nut

dango — hyena

dano — bone

den — tree

dum-dum — drum

dum-dum — gathering

dum-dum — tom-tom

duro — hippopotamus

eho — much

eho-dan — hard

eho-kut — hollow

eho-lul — wet

eho-nala — top

es — rough

eta — little

eta-gogo — whisper

eta-koho — warm

eta-nala — low

etarad — arrow

ga — red

galul — blood

gando — win

gash — fang

gash — tooth

gimla — crocodile

go — black

gogo — talk (buffalo?)

gom — run

gom-lul — river

gomangani — negro

gor — growl

gorgo — buffalo (moon?)

goro — moon

gree-ah — like

gree-ah — love

gu — belly

gu — stomach

gugu — front

gumado — sick

gund — chief

hista — snake

histah — snake

ho — many

ho-wa-usha — leaves

ho-wala — village

hoden — forest

hohotan — tribe

horta — boar

hotan — clan

hul — star

jabo — shield

jar — strange

kagoda! — I do surrender!

kagoda? — Do you surrender?

kal — milk

kalan — female

kalo — cow

kalu — mother

kambo — jungle

kando — ant

kargo — center

kargo — middle

kas — jump

klu — hen

klu-kal — egg

ko — mighty

ko-sabor — mighty lioness

kob — hit

koho — hot

kor — walk

korak — killer

kordo — dance

kota — tortoise

kree-gor — scream

kreeg-ah — beware

kreeg-ah — danger

kudu — sun

kut — hole

lan — right

lana — sting

lano — mosquito

lat — nose

litu — sharp

lob — kick

lot — face

lu — fierce

lufo — side

lul — water

lul-kor — swim

lus — tongue

mado — lame

mal — yellow

mangani — great apes

manu — monkey

meeta — rain

mo — short

mu — she

nala — up

neeta — bird

nene — beetle

nesen — grasshopper

no — brook

numa — lion

nur — lie

nur — untruth

olo — wrestle

om — long

omtag — giraffe

pacco — zebra

pal — country

pal — hunting grounds

pamba — rat

pan — soft

pan-lul — weep

pan-vo — weak

pand — thunder

pand-balu-den — rifle

panda — noise

pandar — loud

pastar — father

pele — valley

pisa — fish

pisah — fish

po — hungry

popo — eat

popo — so

por — mate

por-atan — husband

por-kalan — wife

rak — huh

rak — yes

rala — snare

ramba — lie down

rand — back

rea — word

rem — catch

rep — truth

ro — flower

rota — laugh

ry — crooked

ry-balu-den — bow

sabor — lioness

sato — kind

sheeta — leopard

sheeta — panther

ska — vulture

skree — wild-cat

sopu — fruit

sord — bad

ta — high

ta — tall

ta-pal — hill

tag — neck

tan — warrior

tan-klu — rooster

tand — no, not

tand-ho — few

tand-litu — blunt

tand-litu — dull

tand-lul — dry

tand-nala — down

tand-panda — silence

tand-panda — silent

tand-popo — starve

tand-ramba — get up

tand-unk — stay

tand-utor — brave

tand-vulp — empty

tanda — dark

tandak — think

tandlan — left

tantor — elephant

tar — white

tar-bur — snow

tarmangani — white men

tho — mouth

thub — heart

tongani — baboon

tongoni — baboon

tor — beast

tro — straight

tu — bright

tub — broken

ubor — thristy

ud — drink

ug — bottom

ugh — okay

ugla — hate

ungo (unga) — jackal

unk — go

unk-nala — climb

usha — wind

ut — corn

utor — afraid

utor — fear

van — well

vando — good

ved — mountain

vo — muscle

voo-dum — dance

voo-voo — sing

vulp — full

wa — green

wa-usha — leaf

wala — home

wala — house

wala — hut

wala — neat

wang — arm

wappi — antelope

whuff — smoke

wo — this

wob — that

yad — ear

yang — swing

yat — eye

yato — look, see

yel — here

yeland — there

yo — friend

yud — come

yut — gore

yut — stab

yuto — cut

za — girl

za-balu — sister

za-dak-lul — ocean

zan — skin

zee — leg

zor — in

zu — big

zu-dak-lul — ocean

zu-kut — cave

zu-vo — strong

zugor — roar

zut — out

ENGLISH — APE

ant — kando

antelope — wappi

arm — wang

arrow — etarad

baboon — tongani (tongoni)

baby — balu

back — rand

bad — sord

battle — bar

beast — tor

beetle — nene

belly — gu

beware — kreeg-ah

big — zu

bird — neeta

black — go

blood — galul

blunt — tand-litu

boar — horta

bone — dano

bottom — ug

bow — ry-balu-den

boy — ab

branch — balu-den

brave — tand-utor

bright — tu

broken — tub

brook — no

brother — abalu

buffalo (moon?) — gorgo

cast — aro

catch — rem

cave — zu-kut

center — kargo

chief — gund

clan — hotan

climb — unk-nala

cold — bur

come — yud

corn — ut

country — pal

cow — kalo

crocodile — gimla

crooked — ry

cut — yuto

dance — kordo

dance — voo-dum

danger — kreeg-ah

dark — tanda

dead — bund

deer — bara

Do you surrender? — kagoda?

down — tand-nala

drink — ud

drum — dum-dum

dry — tand-lul

dull — tand-litu

ear — yad

eat — popo

egg — klu-kal

elbow — band

elephant — tantor

empty — tand-vulp

eye — yat

face — lot

fall — amba

fang — gash

fat — dak

father — pastar

fear, afraid — utor

female — kalan

few — tand-ho

fierce — lu

fire — argo

fish — pisah (pisa)

flat — bo

flesh — dako-zan

flower — ro

fly — busso

foot — b'zee

forest — hoden

friend — yo

front — gugu

fruit — sopu

full — vulp

gathering — dum-dum

get up — tand-ramba

giraffe — omtag

girl — za

go — unk

golden — bal

good — vando

gorilla — bolgani

grasshopper — nesen

great apes — mangani

great — ben

green — wa

growl — gor

hair — b'zan

hand — b'wang

hard — eho-dan

hate — ugla

he — bu

head — b'yat

heart — thub

hen — klu

here — yel

high — ta

hill — ta-pal

hippopotamus — duro

hit — kob

hole — kut

hollow — eho-kut

home — wala

hot — koho

house — wala

huh — rak

hungry — po

hunting grounds — pal

husband — por-atan

hut — wala

hyena — dango

I do surrender! — kagoda!

ice — dan-lul

in — zor

jackal — ungo (unga)

jump — kas

jungle — kambo

kick — lob

kill — bundolo

killer — korak

kind — sato

knee (kneel) — abu

lake — dak-lul

lame — mado

laugh — rota

leaf — wa-usha

leaves — ho-wa-usha

left — tandlan

leg — zee

leopard — sheeta

lie down — ramba

lie — nur

light — a

lightning — ara

like, love — gree-ah

limb — balu-den

lion — numa

lioness — sabor

little — eta

long — om

look — yato

lose — adu

loud — pandar

low — eta-nala

male — atan

many — ho

mate — por

meat — dako-zan

middle — kargo

mighty lioness — ko-sabor

mighty — ko

milk — kal

monkey — manu

moon — goro

mosquito — lano

mother — kalu

mountain — ved

mouth — tho

much — eho

muscle — vo

neat — wala

neck — tag

negro — gomangani

no, not — tand

noise — panda

nose — lat

nut — dan-sopu

ocean — zu-dak-lul (za-dak-lul)

okay — ugh

out — zut

panther — sheeta

rain — meeta

rat — pamba

red — ga

rhinoceros — buto

rifle — pand-balu-den

right — lan

rise — ala

river — gom-lul

roar — zugor

rock — dan

rooster — tan-klu

rough — es

run — gom

scream — kree-gor

see — yato

sharp — litu

she — mu

shield — jabo

shoot — aro

short — mo

sick — gumado

side — lufo

silence — tand-panda

silent — tand-panda

sing — voo-voo

sister — za-balu

skin — zan

smoke — whuff

snake — histah (hista)

snare — rala

snow — tar-bur

so — popo

soft — pan

spear — arad

stab, gore — yut

star — hul

starve — tand-popo

stay — tand-unk

stick — balu-den

sting — lana

stomach — gu

stone — dan

stop — dan-do

straight — tro

strange — jar

strong — zu-vo

sun — kudu

surrender — kagoda or kogoda!

swim — lul-kor

swing — yang

tail — at

talk (buffalo?) — gogo

tall — ta

that — wob

there — yeland

thick — dako

think — tandak

this — wo

thristy — ubor

throw — aro

thunder — pand

tom-tom — dum-dum

tongue — lus

tooth — gash

top — eho-nala

tortoise — kota

tree — den

tribe — hohotan

truth — rep

untruth — nur

up — nala

valley — pele

village — ho-wala

vulture — ska

walk — kor

warm — eta-koho

warrior — tan

water — lul

weak — pan-vo

weep — pan-lul

well — van

wet — eho-lul

whisper — eta-gogo

white men — tarmangani

white — tar

wife — por-kalan

wild-cat — skree

win — gando

wind — usha

word — rea

wrestle — olo

yellow — mal

yes — rak

zebra — pacco

Of note: The APE language has many words with multiple use and meanings, thus the two dictionaries are not of the same length, though both contain the same information.

Edgar Rice Burroughs was very inventive with his world creation and supplemental aspects such as developing a coherent "language" for the mangani who are, arguably, between chimpanzees and gorillas, quite possibly an early form of man, much like the Neanderthal were "near human".